File Name: crop production in ethiopia regional patterns and trends .zip
This article presents average agricultural yield data per hectare for key cereal, legume and root crops from until The data shows that average yields for all crops, at all levels, show increasing trends during the time period.
Tesfaye Fantaye. Ethiopia, situated in the Horn of Africa, has a population of nearly million and a surface area of 1. Production systems are dominated by smallholder farming under rainfed conditions with little mechanization.
Subsistence mixed farming with crop cultivation and livestock husbandry is practiced on most farms. Agriculture is highly dependent on rainfall, and hence the onset, duration, amount and distribution of the rainfall determines the performance of the agriculture sector and the economy of the country in general.
Ethiopia is known for its ecological diversity that ranges from tropical to temperate conditions. Altitude ranges from meters below sea level in the Danakil Depression in the northeast to meters above sea level in the Ras Dashen Mountains in the northwest.
Ecological and socio-cultural diversity creates favorable conditions to support tremendous diversity of fauna and flora such that the country is a center of origin and biodiversity for many cultivated crops and their wild relatives.
Major staple crops include cereals, pulses, oilseeds, roots and tubers, vegetables and coffee. According to the recent Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency report CSA, , grain crops cereals, pulses and oil crops are cultivated on Cereals are the most important field crops and the chief element in the diet of most Ethiopians. Principal cereals are tef an indigenous principal staple crop , wheat, barley, maize, sorghum and millet. Wheat is grown mostly between 1, and 2, meters above sea level whereas maize, sorghum and millet are cultivated at lower elevations in the warmer areas of the country.
Sorghum and millet, which are drought resistant, are grown in regions with low and uncertain rainfall. Maize is mainly grown between 1, and 2, meters above sea level and requires relatively higher seasonal rainfall to ensure good harvests. These major food crops are produced in almost all regions of the country but with large variations in terms of volume of production.
However, the productivity of these crops is very low despite their large production area. National average yields for maize, wheat and sorghum, and finger millet are 3.
Available evidence suggests that yields of major crops under farmers' management are still far lower than what can be obtained under on-station and on-farm research managed plots Table 2.
This is a clear indication of large yield gaps. There are several factors believed to contribute to the low productivity including, among others, moistures stress, shortage of seeds for improved varieties, soil fertility degradation, insect pests, diseases, weeds and birds. The most important cereal farming system zones are located in the north, northwestern, central, eastern and southwestern highlands USAID, Cereal mixed farming dominates the northern, northwestern and central highlands while maize-sorghum based cropping dominates the eastern highlands.
Whilst Barley-wheat cropping dominates the Arsi and Bale highlands, coffee, maize and horticultural crops farming characterize the major farming system of the southern and southwestern highlands. The lowlands areas below m above sea level areas also grow short maturing maize, sorghum, wheat, and tef varieties along with some oil crops and lowland pulses. Table 1. Area coverage of cereal crops in Ethiopia over a course of 5 decades.
Finger Millet. Other cereals. Cereal cultivated area M ha. Table 2. Nationally reported average yields compared to yields reported from on-station and on-farm experiments. Varieties considered for on-station and on-farm reports. Finger millet.
Volume I. Statistical Bulletin , Addis Ababa. Volume IV. Major Agro-ecological Zones of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Crop Variety Registers. Paulos Dubale. Staple Foods Value Chain Analysis. Country Report, Ethiopia. Addis Ababa. Legume production in East Africa. Common bean is a main cash crop and protein source for many farmers in Ethiopia especially in the Central Rift Valley Mekbib ; Abate et al. Chickpea is mainly grown at an altitude of m. Harvested area and actual yields.
In our set of 3 countries, there were 14, 22, 11, 10 and 13 buffers selected for, in the same order, chickpea, common bean, cowpea, groundnut and pigeonpea. Weather data. Soil data. Soil data were retrieved from both AfSIS-GYGA functional soil information of sub-Saharan Africa database maximum effective depth of water extraction from soil by roots, maximum soil depth, volumetric soil water content available for extraction by crop roots Leenaars et al. Crop modelling.
The SSM model has been used to simulate growth and yield potential of a wide range of legume crops, including soybean Sinclair et al. We collected the value of general plant parameters from previous model applications Sinclair et al. In each of these studies, genotypes have been sampled to represent the diversity of genotypes used in each study environment, covering temperate, dry tropical, and humid tropical climates.
Most plant parameters are known from preceding studies not to vary significantly within species. For the crop specific parameters, phenology and photoperiod sensitivity, we calculated them to portray the varieties grown in east Africa, by using the parameter values of genotypes of the same variety in preceding studies, or calculating them from the phenology reported by local agronomists.
More details and references are presented in: Loon, Marloes P. Prospect for increasing grain legume crop production in East Africa. European Journal of Agronomy. Go to the Atlas. Get access to the Atlas for advanced users. Data from the Global Yield Gap Atlas is available for commercial use. We have different commercial license types available, either for a single use of the data within a project context or multiple use and commercialization, suiting your needs.
Download Ethiopia results Excel format. Download model run results Excel format. Download Ethiopia propagated weather data. Details on crop information to calibrate crop models for Ethiopia.
Endalkachew Woldemeskel. Tesfaye Fantaye Ethiopia, situated in the Horn of Africa, has a population of nearly million and a surface area of 1. Legume production in East Africa Ethiopia Common bean is a main cash crop and protein source for many farmers in Ethiopia especially in the Central Rift Valley Mekbib ; Abate et al. Selected climate zones and Reference Weather Stations RWS In our set of 3 countries, there were 14, 22, 11, 10 and 13 buffers selected for, in the same order, chickpea, common bean, cowpea, groundnut and pigeonpea.
Soil data Soil data were retrieved from both AfSIS-GYGA functional soil information of sub-Saharan Africa database maximum effective depth of water extraction from soil by roots, maximum soil depth, volumetric soil water content available for extraction by crop roots Leenaars et al.
These varieties are Until , 74 varieties of bread wheat, 34 varieties of durum wheat, and 31 varieties of faba bean have been released for production Ethiopia. Historical Background. African and World honey production, respectively [14,21]. Expansion of domestic manufacturing based on agro- Growth has been steady, with a temporary decrease in some years. Like many other young people in her region, Amiat used to feel that there were limited opportunities to earn income in her village, which led to her decision to migrate to Saudi Arabia.
PDF | Ethiopia's crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country's different regions and ecologies. Five | Find, read.
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Tesfaye Fantaye. Ethiopia, situated in the Horn of Africa, has a population of nearly million and a surface area of 1. Production systems are dominated by smallholder farming under rainfed conditions with little mechanization. Subsistence mixed farming with crop cultivation and livestock husbandry is practiced on most farms.
Among African countries, Ethiopia has possibly the greatest potential for potato production: 70 percent of its arable land - mainly in highland areas above 1 m - is believed suitable for potato. With a gluten free and high nutrition values; teff could be the next super-grain and Injera could be the next super-food in the globe. Production and Productivity of Wheat in Ethiopia Wheat is a cereal crop, which is produced in most parts of the country, Ethiopia. Over the following decades, farmers in Ethiopia's highlands began cultivating the new tuber - known as denech - as an "insurance policy" against cereal crop failures. Lume, Oromia, Ethiopia.
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