File Name: dissociative identity disorder diagnosis clinical features and treatment of multiple personality .zip
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All age groups, racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds are affected. Women are more likely than men to be diagnosed. Acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD are closely related to dissociative disorders, sharing such symptoms as memory loss, depersonalization, or derealization. Dissociative disorders often first develop as a way to deal with a catastrophic event or with long-term stress , abuse, or trauma. This is particularly true if such events take place early in childhood. Mentally removing oneself from a traumatic situation — such as an accident, natural disaster, military combat, being a crime victim, or repeated physical, mental or sexual abuse — can be a coping mechanism that helps one escape pain in the short term. It becomes a problem if over the long term it continues to separate the person from reality, and blanks out memories of entire periods of time.
There are people where two or more personalities seem to have independent-and sometimes mutually forgetful-control of the same bodily individual. This chapter gives a brief account of the history of the diagnosis of "Multiple Personality Disorder" or the more recent label "Dissociative Identity Disorder", and the conflicting judgment of therapists, lawyers, and philosophers as to whether this is a real syndrome. It is suggested that the diagnosis may be therapeutically helpful for some other disturbances, including anorexia, even if it does not carry the strong metaphysical moral that some have supposed. The cases are of interest to philosophers as they purport to represent "real -life" difficulties for standard theories of "personal identity. Keywords: multiple personality disorder , dissociation , personal identity , demonic possession , imaginary friends , anorexia. Stephen R.
Dissociative Identity Disorder: Diagnosis, Clinical Features, and Treatment of Multiple Personality (Wiley Series in General and Clinical Psychiatry).
Objective: Some claim that treatment for dissociative identity disorder DID is harmful. Others maintain that the available data support the view that psychotherapy is helpful. Method: We review the empirical support for both arguments. Results: Current evidence supports the conclusion that phasic treatment consistent with expert consensus guidelines is associated with improvements in a wide Dissociative amnesia is classified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , 4th Edition, Text Revision, also known as the DSM-IV-TR as one of the dissociative disorders, which are mental disorders in which the normally well-integrated functions of memory, identity, perception, or consciousness are separated dissociated.
Readers will find three new chapters covering epidemiology, a sound critique of skeptics of DID, and the problem of attachment to the perpetrator and the locus of control shift.
Dissociative identity disorder DID , previously known as multiple personality disorder MPD ,  is a mental disorder characterized by the maintenance of at least two distinct and relatively enduring personality states. DID is associated with overwhelming traumas, or abuse during childhood. Treatment generally involves supportive care and psychotherapy. DID is controversial within both psychiatry and the legal system. Dissociation , the term that underlies the dissociative disorders including DID, lacks a precise, empirical, and generally agreed upon definition.
Helen M. Formerly called multiple personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder DID is a controversial diagnosis that challenges forensic psychiatrists, other mental health clinicians, legal professionals, the media, and the public.
Many large-scale epidemiological studies led to biased results due to this deficit in their methodology. Special populations such as psychiatric emergency ward applicants, drug addicts, and women in prostitution demonstrated the highest rates. Data derived from epidemiological studies also support clinical findings about the relationship between childhood adverse experiences and dissociative disorders. Thus, dissociative disorders constitute a hidden and neglected public health problem. Better and early recognition of dissociative disorders would increase awareness about childhood traumata in the community and support prevention of them alongside their clinical consequences. Dissociation is defined as a disruption in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception of the environment [ 1 ]. Dissociative disorders constitute a group of clinical syndromes covering disturbances attributed to one or more of these domains.
Услугу? - бурно отреагировала Сьюзан. - Послать его в Испанию значит оказать услугу. - Да. Я заплачу ему десять тысяч долларов за один день работы. Он заберет личные вещи Танкадо и вернется домой.