File Name: educational and psychological measurement and evaluation .zip
Educational measurement refers to the use of educational assessments and the analysis of data such as scores obtained from educational assessments to infer the abilities and proficiencies of students. The approaches overlap with those in psychometrics. Educational measurement is the assigning of numerals to traits such as achievement, interest, attitudes, aptitudes, intelligence and performance. The aim of theory and practice in educational measurement is typically to measure abilities and levels of attainment by students in areas such as reading, writing, mathematics, science and so forth.
Traditionally, attention focuses on whether assessments are reliable and valid. In practice, educational measurement is largely concerned with the analysis of data from educational assessments or tests. Typically, this means using total scores on assessments, whether they are multiple choice or open-ended and marked using marking rubrics or guides.
In technical terms, the pattern of scores by individual students to individual items is used to infer so-called scale locations of students, the "measurements". This process is one form of scaling. Essentially, higher total scores give higher scale locations, consistent with the traditional and everyday use of total scores.
The Rasch model provides a strict correspondence provided all students attempt the same test items, or their performances are marked using the same marking rubrics. In terms of the broad body of purely mathematical theory drawn on, there is substantial overlap between educational measurement and psychometrics.
However, certain approaches considered to be a part of psychometrics, including Classical test theory , Item Response Theory and the Rasch model , were originally developed more specifically for the analysis of data from educational assessments.
One of the aims of applying theory and techniques in educational measurement is to try to place the results of different tests administered to different groups of students on a single or common scale through processes known as test equating.
The rationale is that because different assessments usually have different difficulties, the total scores cannot be directly compared. The aim of trying to place results on a common scale is to allow comparison of the scale locations inferred from the totals via scaling processes. This article relating to education is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Overview [ edit ] The aim of theory and practice in educational measurement is typically to measure abilities and levels of attainment by students in areas such as reading, writing, mathematics, science and so forth. The Basics of Item Response Theory.
Probabilistic models for some intelligence and attainment tests. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for Educational Research. Applications of item response theory to practical testing problems. Categories : Educational assessment and evaluation Standardized tests Educational psychology Educational research Statistics of education Education stubs.
Hidden categories: All stub articles. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons.
Educational measurement is the science and practice of obtaining information about characteristics of students, such as their knowledge, skills, abilities, and interests. Measurement in education includes the development of instruments or protocols for obtaining information, procedures for analyzing and evaluating the quality of that information, and strategies for communicating the information to audiences, such as educators, policymakers, parents, and students. Educational measurement is closely related to the concepts of testing, assessment, and evaluation. Measurement is the process of assigning numbers to events based on an established set of rules. Percentage correct is another commonly used metric, although a variety of transformations of raw scores may be used. A test is any systematic sample of behavior obtained under controlled conditions.
Historical Foundations of Educational Psychology pp Cite as. Whatever exists at all exists in some amount. To know it thoroughly involves knowing its quantity as well as its quality. Education is concerned with changes in human beings; a change is a difference between two conditions; each of these conditions is known to us only by the products produced by it—things made, words spoken, acts performed and the like.
Historical Foundations of Educational Psychology pp Cite as. Whatever exists at all exists in some amount. To know it thoroughly involves knowing its quantity as well as its quality.
measure. Test Evaluation - A summary of Chapters 1 through 9 applied to the evaluation and comparison of educational and psychological.Reply
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment. , 19, Hopkins, K. D. (). Educational and psychological measurement and evaluation. (8th ed.).Reply