concept of state and government pdf

Concept of state and government pdf

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Welfare State

Government and the State

Historical conceptions

A failed state is a political body that has disintegrated to a point where basic conditions and responsibilities of a sovereign government no longer function properly see also fragile state and state collapse. A state can also fail if the government loses its legitimacy even if it is performing its functions properly. For a stable state it is necessary for the government to enjoy both effectiveness and legitimacy.

Welfare State

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Skip main navigation. Direct link to content. According to one definition, a state is a community formed by people and exercising permanent power within a specified territory. According to international law, a state is typically defined as being based on the Montevideo Convention. According to Article 1 of the Convention, the state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: 1. Permanent population 2. Defined territory 3. Government 4.

Capacity to enter into relations with the other states. In practice, it is difficult to determine when a people exercising power within a certain territory forms not only a country and a nation but also a sovereign state. Many disputed and developing statehoods only partially fulfil the criteria laid down in the Montevideo Convention. Currently, there are several territories that have declared themselves to be sovereign states, but whose status has not been recognised by any other state.

For example, Somaliland declared independence in but it has never been recognised. In addition, there are several states that have been recognised by only a small section of the international community. The interests of unrecognised states are advocated by an international organisation called Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Attaining the status of a state requires recognition by other states. The recognition of a state depends on legal and political factors. Particularly during the Cold War, states refused to recognise new states within the enemy bloc on political grounds, although from the perspective of international law, their recognition would have been justifiable.

In practice, the recognition of a state means that an official decision is made by a government to recognise a state, that a diplomatic mission is established or an international treaty is drawn up. The recognition of a state may also take place unofficially. If a state has voted in favour of a membership application submitted to the UN by a newly independent state, this has been deemed as de facto recognition, even if the two states do not have diplomatic relations.

The membership applications are processed both in the Security Council and in the General Assembly. Following the approval of the Security Council, the matter will be sent to the General Assembly, where the membership of the candidate country must be supported by at least two-thirds of the existing member states.

You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Disable statistics cookies Enable all cookies. Cookie settings Below you can see in more detail which cookies we use. Accept statistical cookies. Save and close. Contact Feedback Suomi Svenska English. Page Content. The definition of a state According to one definition, a state is a community formed by people and exercising permanent power within a specified territory.

Attaining the status of a state In practice, it is difficult to determine when a people exercising power within a certain territory forms not only a country and a nation but also a sovereign state.

See also. Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States. Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. List of states with limited recognition. Contact Feedback.

Government and the State

Various schools of thought consider the state to be either a neutral entity separated from society or an immoral partisan instrument. A state is an organized political community acting under a government. States may be classified as sovereign if they are not dependent on, or subject to, any other power or state. States are considered to be subject to external sovereignty, or hegemony, if their ultimate sovereignty lies in another state. A federated state is a territorial, constitutional community that forms part of a federation.


PDF | The state is a complex institution that has been studied from diverse entrypoints and standpoints. No single theory could ever exhaust its.


Historical conceptions

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