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Climate change is described as the defining challenge of our generation Wang and Horton It poses direct and indirect threats to food security Campbell et al. It has also been described as a threat multiplier that can intensify and prolong conflicts ibid. Climate change involves increased temperatures, changes in precipitation, hazards, extreme weather events and sea level rise which impacts human rights through multiple pathways Mason and Rigg Human rights are understood as moral standards that are held by all people, they can also be formalised as legal rights Bell
Climate change is described as the defining challenge of our generation Wang and Horton It poses direct and indirect threats to food security Campbell et al. It has also been described as a threat multiplier that can intensify and prolong conflicts ibid. Climate change involves increased temperatures, changes in precipitation, hazards, extreme weather events and sea level rise which impacts human rights through multiple pathways Mason and Rigg Human rights are understood as moral standards that are held by all people, they can also be formalised as legal rights Bell Its widely accepted that the rights to subsistence and food, life and security and health are basic human rights ibid.
To understand the full impact of climate change on human rights, it is crucial to realise their interconnected nature Limon , a violation of one right leads to the violation of others.
This paper examines the link between climate change and the rights to food, security and health in sub-Saharan Africa SSA. Africa is described as the most climate vulnerable continent Quirico and Boumghar Von Uexkull finds that SSA will be hit most severely by regional warming, resulting in increased food insecurity, resource scarcity, extreme weather and conflicts.
Climate change will also exacerbate existing socioeconomic risks and vulnerabilities Field et al. There is significant research on how climate change impacts health ibid. This study explores how food security, conflict and health are impacted by climate change by analysing data for correlation.
In particular, this paper focuses on the security outcomes of climate change as well as the interplay between climate, food security, conflict and health. Further, this paper examines the legal protections that exist to protect people against climate change by exploring how these rights are expressed in international and African human rights instruments.
This also acts as a reference to examine climate change through a rights based approach Humphreys Therefore, this paper asks: How does climate change impact the rights to food, security and health? How does climate change impact food security, conflict and health and to what extent are governance, inequality and poverty important?
Attachments Download document PDF 1. To what extent are food security, conflict and health interrelated? To what extent can climate change and other impacting variables predict conflict outcomes?
HREOC permits and encourages reproduction of this paper provided it is accurate and acknowledged. HREOC requests that it is informed prior to publication and sent copies for its records. Climate change will have significant impacts in both Australia and across the globe. Australia is one of the most arid continents in the world. It is vulnerable to risks such as disruptions to water supply; increases in the severity of storms, floods and droughts, coastal erosion due to sea level rise; and to negative human health impacts, for example through an increase in the range and spread of disease. In responding to climate change, governments have traditionally approached it as an ecological problem or more recently, as an economic one.
Human Rights and Climate Change is a conceptual and legal framework under which international human rights and their relationship to global warming are studied, analyzed, and addressed. The framework has been employed by governments, United Nations organizations, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations , human rights and environmental advocates, and academics to guide national and international policy on climate change under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC and the core international human rights instruments. Human rights and climate change analysis focuses on the anticipated consequences to humans associated with global environmental phenomena including sea level rise , desertification , temperature increases, extreme weather events, and changes in precipitation, as well as adaptation and mitigation measures taken by governments in response to those phenomena that may involve human rights or related legal protections. Many legal approaches to climate change use the right to a healthy environment , other related rights or other emmergent environmental law approaches, such as rights of nature , to advocate for new or required action by governments and private actors, through climate justice advocacy and climate litigation.
In the present report, the Special Rapporteur on the issue of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment discusses the urgent need for action to ensure a safe climate for humanity.
By Ryan Schuchard and Nicki Weston. Though climate change and human rights are important corporate responsibility issues on their own terms, they are increasingly interrelated. As our global climate destabilizes, there will be an increase in water stress, food scarcity, the prevalence and intensity of diseases, and the loss of homelands and jobs around the world. In turn, climate change is likely to affect several rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights UDHR , such as the right to life and security, the right to food, and the right to health.
Climate change poses the biggest existential threat to humankind and indeed to the survival of our shared world. So what can be done? What should States do?
Chapter 1 Introduction A. The Global Warming and its Causes B. Effects and Consequences C.
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