literary terms list and definitions pdf file

Literary terms list and definitions pdf file

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Glossary of literary terms

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Literary Devices and Terms

Black folklore is like a glossary of english literary terms pdf or. De siecle is many of this glossary literary terms can help a prince. Max bill and two plots within a few research and.

An acrostic is a piece of writing in which a particular set of letters—typically the first letter of each line, word, or paragraph—spells out a word or phrase with special significance to the text. An allegory is a work that conveys a hidden meaning—usually moral, spiritual, or political—through the use of symbolic characters and events. The story of "The Tortoise and The Hare" is a well-known allegory with a In literature, an allusion is an unexplained reference to someone or something outside of the text.

Glossary of literary terms

An acrostic is a piece of writing in which a particular set of letters—typically the first letter of each line, word, or paragraph—spells out a word or phrase with special significance to the text. An allegory is a work that conveys a hidden meaning—usually moral, spiritual, or political—through the use of symbolic characters and events. The story of "The Tortoise and The Hare" is a well-known allegory with a In literature, an allusion is an unexplained reference to someone or something outside of the text.

Writers commonly allude to other literary works, famous individuals, historical events, or philosophical ideas, and they do so in Writers commonly allude to An anachronism is a person or a thing placed in the wrong time period.

For instance, if a novel set in Medieval England featured a trip to a movie-theater, that would be an anachronism. For instance, if a novel set Anadiplosis is a figure of speech in which a word or group of words located at the end of one clause or sentence is repeated at or near the beginning of the following clause or An analogy is a comparison that aims to explain a thing or idea by likening it to something else.

For example, a career coach might say, "Being the successful boss or CEO of a company An anapest is a three-syllable metrical pattern in poetry in which two unstressed syllables are followed by a stressed syllable. The word "understand" is an anapest, with the unstressed syllables of "un" and "der" followed Anaphora is a figure of speech in which words repeat at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, or sentences. An antagonist is usually a character who opposes the protagonist or main character of a story, but the antagonist can also be a group of characters, institution, or force against which the protagonist must contend Antanaclasis is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is repeated within a sentence, but the word or phrase means something different each time it appears.

A famous example of antanaclasis is Some famous Antimetabole is a figure of speech in which a phrase is repeated, but with the order of words reversed. John F. Kennedy's words, "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you Antithesis is a figure of speech that juxtaposes two contrasting or opposing ideas, usually within parallel grammatical structures. For instance, Neil Armstrong used antithesis when he stepped onto the surface of the moon in For instance, An aphorism is a saying that concisely expresses a moral principle or an observation about the world, presenting it as a general or universal truth.

The Rolling Stones are responsible for penning one of the Aphorismus is a type of figure of speech that calls into question the way a word is used. Aphorismus is used not to question the meaning of a word, but whether it is actually appropriate Aphorismus is Aporia is a rhetorical device in which a speaker expresses uncertainty or doubt—often pretended uncertainty or doubt—about something, usually as a way of proving a point.

An example of aporia is the famous Elizabeth Barrett Apostrophe is a figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses someone or something that is not present or cannot respond in reality.

The entity being addressed can be an absent, dead, or imaginary Assonance is a figure of speech in which the same vowel sound repeats within a group of words. An example of assonance is: "Who gave Newt and Scooter the blue tuna? It was too soon! An example An asyndeton sometimes called asyndetism is a figure of speech in which coordinating conjunctions—words such as "and", "or", and "but" that join other words or clauses in a sentence into relationships of equal importance—are omitted A ballad is a type of poem that tells a story and was traditionally set to music.

English language ballads are typically composed of four-line stanzas that follow an ABCB rhyme scheme. English language ballads A ballade is a form of lyric poetry that originated in medieval France. Ballades follow a strict rhyme scheme "ababbcbc" , and typically have three eight-line stanzas followed by a shorter four-line stanza called an envoi Ballades follow a strict rhyme scheme "ababbcbc" , Bildungsroman is a genre of novel that shows a young protagonist's journey from childhood to adulthood or immaturity to maturity , with a focus on the trials and misfortunes that affect the character's growth.

Blank verse is the name given to poetry that lacks rhymes but does follow a specific meter—a meter that is almost always iambic pentameter. Blank verse was particularly popular in English poetry written between the For instance, the A caesura is a pause that occurs within a line of poetry, usually marked by some form of punctuation such as a period, comma, ellipsis, or dash.

A caesura doesn't have to be placed in Catharsis is the process of releasing strong or pent-up emotions through art. Aristotle coined the term catharsis—which comes from the Greek kathairein meaning "to cleanse or purge"—to describe the release of emotional tension that he Aristotle coined the term catharsis—which comes from the Characterization is the representation of the traits, motives, and psychology of a character in a narrative. Characterization may occur through direct description, in which the character's qualities are described by a narrator, another character, or Characterization may occur through Chiasmus is a figure of speech in which the grammar of one phrase is inverted in the following phrase, such that two key concepts from the original phrase reappear in the second phrase in inverted The word cinquain can refer to two different things.

Historically, it referred to any stanza of five lines written in any type of verse. More recently, cinquain has come to refer to particular types of Historically, it referred to any stanza of five lines written in For example, telling a heartbroken friend that there are "Plenty of fish in the sea" is such a For example, telling Climax is a figure of speech in which successive words, phrases, clauses, or sentences are arranged in ascending order of importance, as in "Look!

Up in the sky! It's a bird! It's a plane! In a traditional "good vs. Colloquialism is the use of informal words or phrases in writing or speech. Colloquialisms are usually defined in geographical terms, meaning that they are often defined by their use within a dialect, a regionally-defined variant Colloquialisms are usually defined in geographical terms, Common meter is a specific type of meter that is often used in lyric poetry.

Common meter has two key traits: it alternates between lines of eight syllables and lines of six syllables, and it Common meter has two key A conceit is a fanciful metaphor, especially a highly elaborate or extended metaphor in which an unlikely, far-fetched, or strained comparison is made between two things.

A famous example comes from John Donne's poem, "A Connotation is the array of emotions and ideas suggested by a word in addition to its dictionary definition. Most words carry meanings, impressions, or associations apart from or beyond their literal meaning.

For example, the Most words Consonance is a figure of speech in which the same consonant sound repeats within a group of words. An example of consonance is: "Traffic figures, on July Fourth, to be tough. A couplet is a unit of two lines of poetry, especially lines that use the same or similar meter, form a rhyme, or are separated from other lines by a double line break. A dactyl is a three-syllable metrical pattern in poetry in which a stressed syllable is followed by two unstressed syllables.

Denotation is the literal meaning, or "dictionary definition," of a word. Denotation is defined in contrast to connotation, which is the array of emotions and ideas suggested by a word in addition to its dictionary Denotation is defined in contrast to connotation, which is A deus ex machina is a plot device whereby an unsolvable conflict or point of tension is suddenly resolved by the unexpected appearance of an implausible character, object, action, ability, or event.

For example, if Diacope is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is repeated with a small number of intervening words. Dialogue is the exchange of spoken words between two or more characters in a book, play, or other written work.

In prose writing, lines of dialogue are typically identified by the use of quotation marks Diction is a writer's unique style of expression, especially his or her choice and arrangement of words. A writer's vocabulary, use of language to produce a specific tone or atmosphere, and ability to communicate clearly A writer's vocabulary, Dramatic irony is a plot device often used in theater, literature, film, and television to highlight the difference between a character's understanding of a given situation, and that of the audience.

More specifically, in dramatic A dynamic character undergoes substantial internal changes as a result of one or more plot developments.

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Action stories typically do not explore complex relationships between human beings or the subtleties of psychology and philosophy. The adage expresses a well-known and simple truth in a few words. This last detail, a result of chance , is a key element of adventure; the stories usually involve a character who is brought to the adventure by chance, and chance usually plays a large role in the episodes of the story. Also, adventures usually includes dangerous situations, narrow escapes, problems to be solved through intelligence and skill, exotic people and places, and brave deeds. An allegory is a story within a story.


Glossary of Common Literary Terms. ♢ Allegory: an allegory is a narrative in which the characters often stand for abstract concepts. An allegory.


Literary Devices and Terms

Video An illustration of an audio speaker. Mikics, David. It is an essential reference tool for students of literature in any language. Books for People with Print Disabilities.

This glossary of literary terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts used in the discussion, classification, analysis, and criticism of all types of literature , such as poetry, novels, and picture books, as well as of grammar, syntax, and language techniques. For a more complete glossary of terms relating to poetry in particular, see Glossary of poetry terms. Also called lexis or word choice. Also called a flashforward.

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