coffee and its consumption benefits and risks pdf

Coffee and its consumption benefits and risks pdf

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57 Health Benefits of Coffee Supported by Science

15 Research-Backed Health Benefits of Coffee

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Health benefits and risks of drinking coffee

57 Health Benefits of Coffee Supported by Science

And yet this beverage has been subject to a long history of debate. In coffee was included in a list of possible carcinogens by the World Health Organization. By it was exonerated, as research found that the beverage was not associated with an increased risk of cancer; on the contrary, there was a decreased risk of certain cancers among those who drink coffee regularly once smoking history was properly accounted for.

Additional accumulating research suggests that when consumed in moderation, coffee can be considered a healthy beverage. Why then in did one U. Read on to explore the complexities of coffee. One 8-ounce cup of brewed coffee contains about 95 mg of caffeine.

A moderate amount of coffee is generally defined as cups a day, or on average mg of caffeine, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Coffee is an intricate mixture of more than a thousand chemicals.

What defines a cup is the type of coffee bean used, how it is roasted, the amount of grind, and how it is brewed. Human response to coffee or caffeine can also vary substantially across individuals. Low to moderate doses of caffeine 50— mg may cause increased alertness, energy, and ability to concentrate, while higher doses may have negative effects such as anxiety, restlessness, insomnia, and increased heart rate. Is there a certain amount of coffee needed a day to produce a health benefit?

Coffee may affect how cancer develops, ranging from the initiation of a cancer cell to its death. For example, coffee may stimulate the production of bile acids and speed digestion through the colon, which can lower the amount of carcinogens to which colon tissue is exposed.

Various polyphenols in coffee have been shown to prevent cancer cell growth in animal studies. Coffee has also been associated with decreased estrogen levels, a hormone linked to several types of cancer. The uproar in California due to warning labels placed on coffee products stemmed from a chemical in the beverage called acrylamide, which is formed when the beans are roasted.

Acrylamide is also found in some starchy foods that are processed with high heat like French fries, cookies, crackers, and potato chips. However, there is not yet evidence of a health effect in humans from eating acrylamide in food. However, many cancer experts disputed the ruling , stating that the metabolism of acrylamide differs considerably in animals and humans, and the high amount of acrylamide used in animal research is not comparable to the amount present in food.

They cited the beneficial health effects of coffee, with improved antioxidant responses and reduced inflammation, both factors important in cancer prevention. Although ingestion of caffeine can increase blood sugar in the short-term, long-term studies have shown that habitual coffee drinkers have a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared with non-drinkers.

The polyphenols and minerals such as magnesium in coffee may improve the effectiveness of insulin and glucose metabolism in the body. Caffeine is a stimulant affecting the central nervous system that can cause different reactions in people. In sensitive individuals, it can irritate the stomach, increase anxiety or a jittery feeling, and disrupt sleep. Although many people appreciate the temporary energy boost after drinking an extra cup of coffee, high amounts of caffeine can cause unwanted heart palpitations in some.

Unfiltered coffee, such as French press and Turkish coffees, contains diterpenes, substances that can raise bad LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Espresso coffee contains moderate amounts of diterpenes. Filtered coffee drip-brewed coffee and instant coffee contain almost no diterpenes as the filtering and processing of these coffee types removes the diterpenes.

Despite these factors, evidence suggests that drinking coffee regularly may lower the risk of heart disease and stroke :. Naturally occurring polyphenols in both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee can act as antioxidants to reduce damaging oxidative stress and inflammation of cells. It may have neurological benefits in some people and act as an antidepressant.

However in a few cases of sensitive individuals, higher amounts of caffeine may increase anxiety, restlessness, and insomnia. Suddenly stopping caffeine intake can cause headache, fatigue, anxiety, and low mood for a few days and may persist for up to a week. There are various proposed actions of caffeine or components in coffee that may prevent the formation of gallstones.

The most common type of gallstone is made of cholesterol. Coffee may prevent cholesterol from forming into crystals in the gallbladder.

It may stimulate contractions in the gallbladder and increase the flow of bile so that cholesterol does not collect. A study of 46, men tracked the development of gallstones and their coffee consumption for 10 years. After adjusting for other factors known to cause gallstones, the study concluded that men who consistently drank coffee were significantly less likely to develop gallstones compared to men who did not.

The bottom line: A large body of evidence suggests that consumption of caffeinated coffee does not increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancers. In fact, consumption of 3 to 5 standard cups of coffee daily has been consistently associated with a reduced risk of several chronic diseases.

Specifically, those who have difficulty controlling their blood pressure may want to moderate their coffee intake. Pregnant women are also advised to aim for less than mg of caffeine daily, the amount in 2 cups of coffee, because caffeine passes through the placenta into the fetus and has been associated with pregnancy loss and low birth weight. Decaffeinated coffee is a good option if one is sensitive to caffeine, and according to the research summarized above, it offers similar health benefits as caffeinated coffee.

The extra calories, sugar, and saturated fat in a coffee house beverage loaded with whipped cream and flavored syrup might offset any health benefits found in a basic black coffee. Coffee beans are the seeds of a fruit called a coffee cherry. Coffee cherries grow on coffee trees from a genus of plants called Coffea.

There are a wide variety of species of coffee plants, ranging from shrubs to trees. Decaffeinated coffee. This is an option for those who experience unpleasant side effects from caffeine. The two most common methods used to remove caffeine from coffee is to apply chemical solvents methylene chloride or ethyl acetate or carbon dioxide gas.

According to U. However, adding sugar, cream, and milk can quickly bump up the calorie counts. A tablespoon of cream contains 52 calories, and a tablespoon of whole milk contains 9 calories. However, the real caloric danger occurs in specialty mochas, lattes, or blended ice coffee drinks.

These drinks are often super-sized and can contain anywhere from calories, as well as an extremely large amount of sugar. The contents of this website are for educational purposes and are not intended to offer personal medical advice. You should seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.

The Nutrition Source does not recommend or endorse any products. Skip to content The Nutrition Source. Harvard T. The Nutrition Source expand child menu. Search for:. Coffee and Health Coffee is an intricate mixture of more than a thousand chemicals.

Cancer Coffee may affect how cancer develops, ranging from the initiation of a cancer cell to its death. Type 2 Diabetes Although ingestion of caffeine can increase blood sugar in the short-term, long-term studies have shown that habitual coffee drinkers have a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared with non-drinkers.

In a meta-analysis of 45, people with type 2 diabetes followed for up to 20 years, an association was found with increasing cups of coffee and a lower risk of developing diabetes. Caffeinated coffee showed a slightly greater benefit than decaffeinated coffee. Heart health Caffeine is a stimulant affecting the central nervous system that can cause different reactions in people.

The authors found no such association with other caffeinated drinks such as tea and soda. These coffee-specific results suggest that components in coffee other than caffeine may be protective. Heavier coffee intake of 6 or more cups daily was neither associated with a higher nor a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Depression Naturally occurring polyphenols in both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee can act as antioxidants to reduce damaging oxidative stress and inflammation of cells.

There was no association between decaffeinated coffee and suicide risk, suggesting that caffeine was the key factor, rather than plant compounds in coffee. There is consistent evidence from epidemiologic studies that higher consumption of caffeine is associated with lower risk of developing PD. The caffeine in coffee has been found in animal and cell studies to protect cells in the brain that produce dopamine.

In that time, after adjusting for known risks of PD, those who drank at least 10 cups of coffee a day had a significantly lower risk of developing the disease than non-drinkers. Women showed the lowest risk when drinking moderate intakes of cups coffee daily.

The authors stated the need for larger studies with longer follow-up periods. Gallstones There are various proposed actions of caffeine or components in coffee that may prevent the formation of gallstones. Mortality In a large cohort of more than , participants followed for up to 30 years, an association was found between drinking moderate amounts of coffee and lower risk of early death. Both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee provided benefits. The authors suggested that bioactive compounds in coffee may be responsible for interfering with disease development by reducing inflammation and insulin resistance.

The protective effect was present regardless of a genetic predisposition to either faster or slower caffeine metabolism. Instant and decaffeinated coffee showed a similar health benefit. What about iced coffee? It is also added to beverages and supplements.

Learn about sources of caffeine, and a review of the research on this stimulant and health. Coffee consumption and risk of colorectal cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. International Journal of Cancer , Eskelinen MH, Kivipelto M. J Alzheimers Dis.

Annu Rev Nutr. Coffee, Caffeine, and Health. Coffee consumption and risk of endometrial cancer: findings from a large up-to-date meta-analysis. International Journal of Cancer.

15 Research-Backed Health Benefits of Coffee

Take the Smart Driver online course and you could save on auto insurance! Find out more. Drinking three 8-ounce cups of coffee a day can have positive health benefits, depending on the strength of the brew. A day. That's about three cups per coffee drinker in the United States, where 83 percent of adults can't imagine life without their favorite cup of java. Add to that tea, caffeinated soft drinks and those infamous energy drinks , and you won't be surprised to read that 90 percent of us consume caffeine in some form or another each day. Is this a bad thing?

Published Coffee has been both praised and mocked for centuries. Heavy stuff. But what are the actual, scientifically proven pros and cons of coffee we know today? Its beneficial effects on the human body has been researched quite well, but coffee as a whole is a complex beverage with a thousand different substances. Research on coffee and it's pros and cons for humans is nowhere near finished, but here is a list of what we know at the moment. Caffeine increases adrenaline levels in your blood.


This review article is an attempt to disseminate general information, health claims​, and obviously the risk factors associated with coffee consumption to scientists.


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And yet this beverage has been subject to a long history of debate. In coffee was included in a list of possible carcinogens by the World Health Organization. By it was exonerated, as research found that the beverage was not associated with an increased risk of cancer; on the contrary, there was a decreased risk of certain cancers among those who drink coffee regularly once smoking history was properly accounted for. Additional accumulating research suggests that when consumed in moderation, coffee can be considered a healthy beverage. Why then in did one U.

We sought to investigate the association between consumption of coffee, tea, or soft drinks and risk of open-angle glaucoma OAG among Koreans using nationwide population-based data. This cross-sectional survey was performed through the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to Participants older than 19 years were included in the sample for analysis after excluding those with any missing data.

We all know that coffee tastes great. Sure, we have our preferences for what is the best brewing method or roast. And there are plenty, affecting just about every part of the body. You should note that pretty much every single study I mention is looking at black coffee. No heavy cream or sugary syrups.

Coffee and its consumption: benefits and risks

Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans , the seeds of berries from certain Coffea species. When coffee berries turn from green to bright red in color — indicating ripeness — they are picked, processed, and dried. Roasted beans are ground and then brewed with near-boiling water to produce the beverage known as coffee.

Health benefits and risks of drinking coffee

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. When people think of coffee, they usually think of its ability to provide an energy boost.

Homegrounds is reader-supported. When you buy via the links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no cost to you. Learn more. Is this black liquid I continually pour down my throat really good for me? After years of being buffeted by an endless stream of gimmicky weight loss ads, you may already be critical of this first topic, but, unlike all those horrifically designed pop-ups, this point maintains its validity.

Controversies regarding its benefits and risks still exist as reliable evidence is becoming available supporting its health promoting potential; however, some researchers have argued about the association of coffee consumption with cardiovascular complications and cancer insurgence.

4 comments

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  • Jasmin70 27.05.2021 at 13:30

    Many of us rely on a morning cup of coffee or a jolt of caffeine in the afternoon to help us get through the day.

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  • Denhydrtlenmarc 02.06.2021 at 03:11

    Coffee is a commonly consumed drink and is widely discussed for its related risks and benefits in health []. For example, heavy consumption.

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  • Nieredarcha 02.06.2021 at 03:16

    PDF | Findings on both the health benefits and the potentially harmful effects of coffee consumption have been contradictory. However, the.

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