catalysts in petroleum refining and petrochemical industries pdf

Catalysts in petroleum refining and petrochemical industries pdf

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Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) in Petroleum Refining



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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The chemical industry is one of the largest of all U.

Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) in Petroleum Refining

Petroleum refining and the petrochemical industry play an important role in the current world economy. They provide the platform to convert basic raw materials into many essential products, ranging from transportation fuels such as gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, and gas oil to basic and intermediate materials for petrochemical industries and many other valuable chemical products. Advanced Catalysis Processes in Petrochemicals and Petroleum Refining: Emerging Research and Opportunities is an essential comprehensive research publication that provides knowledge on refining processes that could be integrated by the petrochemical industry and discusses how to integrate refining products with petrochemical industries through the use of new technologies. Featuring a range of topics such as biofuel production, environmental sustainability, and biorefineries, this book is ideal for engineers, chemists, industry professionals, policymakers, researchers, academicians, and petrochemical companies. Buy Hardcover. Add to Cart.

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This page looks briefly at some of the basic processes in the petrochemical industry cracking, isomerisation and reforming as examples of important catalytic reactions. Cracking is the name given to breaking up large hydrocarbon molecules into smaller and more useful bits. This is achieved by using high pressures and temperatures without a catalyst, or lower temperatures and pressures in the presence of a catalyst. The source of the large hydrocarbon molecules is often the naphtha fraction or the gas oil fraction from the fractional distillation of crude oil petroleum. These fractions are obtained from the distillation process as liquids, but are re-vaporised before cracking. The hydrocarbons are mixed with a very fine catalyst powder.


We represent the makers of the fuels that keep Americans moving and the petrochemicals that are the essential building blocks for modern life. Our industries make life better, safer, more productive and — most of all — possible. We advocate for public policies that promote growth and investment in the refining and petrochemical manufacturing industries to help drive our economy, add jobs, increase energy security and remain competitive in a global economy. We offer a portfolio of first-in-class events that educate our members and other stakeholders on critical technical and advocacy issues, supporting the safety, security and success of the fuel and petrochemical industries. Throughout their year history , these industries have developed a culture of innovation, ingenuity and grit that has helped them continue to evolve and thrive during economic expansions and to survive world wars, economic contractions and massive shifts in consumer behavior.

Crude oil and refinery streams desulphurization using slurry dispersed catalysts and ionic liquids. Petroleum refining is among the most important industries in the world. The oil refinery products contribute in many essential issues in the human life including transportation fuels, heating fuels, petrochemical industries, etc. Although oil refining is an old process started in the mid of the 19th century, new developments and technologies are introduced frequently due to the large amount of studies conducted around the world research centres. Some of the petroleum refining processes gain more attention in terms of research and development in the last couple of decades.

While we are building a new and improved webshop, please click below to purchase this content via our partner CCC and their Rightfind service. You will need to register with a RightFind account to finalise the purchase. As part of these celebrations, we are offering free access to the virtual issue of PAC: 60 seminal papers published in PAC over the past 60 years. Pure and Applied Chemistry is the official monthly Journal of IUPAC, with responsibility for publishing works arising from those international scientific events and projects that are sponsored and undertaken by the Union. The policy is to publish highly topical and credible works at the forefront of all aspects of pure and applied chemistry, and the attendant goal is to promote widespread acceptance of the Journal as an authoritative and indispensable holding in academic and institutional libraries. EN English Deutsch.


Petrochemicals sometimes abbreviated as petchems [1] are the chemical products obtained from petroleum by refining. Some chemical compounds made from petroleum are also obtained from other fossil fuels , such as coal or natural gas , or renewable sources such as maize , palm fruit or sugar cane. The two most common petrochemical classes are olefins including ethylene and propylene and aromatics including benzene , toluene and xylene isomers. Oil refineries produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions. Chemical plants produce olefins by steam cracking of natural gas liquids like ethane and propane.

Platinum Metals Rev. Reforming processes using platinum catalysts have become of major importance in petroleum refining during the past seven years. They enable the octane rating of naphthas to be greatly increased, and are more economical than any other refining process for the production of high octane gasoline.

Development of new catalytic processes for processing petroleum feedstock

Handbook of Petroleum Processing pp Cite as.

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Cracking , in petroleum refining , the process by which heavy hydrocarbon molecules are broken up into lighter molecules by means of heat and usually pressure and sometimes catalysts. Cracking is the most important process for the commercial production of gasoline and diesel fuel. Cracking of petroleum yields light oils corresponding to gasoline , middle-range oils used in diesel fuel, residual heavy oils, a solid carbonaceous product known as coke , and such gases as methane , ethane , ethylene , propane , propylene , and butylene. Depending on the end product, the oils can go directly into fuel blending, or they can be routed through further cracking reactions or other refining processes until they have produced oils of the desired weight. The first thermal cracking process for breaking up large nonvolatile hydrocarbons into gasoline came into use in ; it was invented by William Merriam Burton , a chemist who worked for the Standard Oil Company Indiana , which later became the Amoco Corporation.

Iwasa, Yasuyuki, and Soichiro Takano. The demand for fuel oil is gradually decreasing in Japan. Meanwhile, global demand for petrochemicals is annually increasing. Therefore, technologies for converting fuel oil into petrochemicals are required. LCO is composed of compounds that have various molecular structures.

The caustic solution is then recycled for regeneration.


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