cardiovascular system diseases and disorders pdf

Cardiovascular system diseases and disorders pdf

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Circulatory System Diseases: What You Should Know

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Heart attack

Coronary artery disease CAD , also called coronary heart disease CHD , ischemic heart disease IHD , [13] or simply heart disease , involves the reduction of blood flow to the heart muscle due to build-up of plaque atherosclerosis in the arteries of the heart. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress , last less than a few minutes, and improve with rest. Risk factors include high blood pressure , smoking , diabetes , lack of exercise, obesity , high blood cholesterol , poor diet, depression , and excessive alcohol.

Circulatory System Diseases: What You Should Know

Back to Health A to Z. Cardiovascular disease CVD is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels.

It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes. Find out more about the flu vaccine. Get advice about coronavirus and cardiovascular disease from the British Heart Foundation. A stroke is where the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, which can cause brain damage and possibly death.

A transient ischaemic attack also called a TIA or "mini-stroke" is similar, but the blood flow to the brain is only temporarily disrupted. Read more about peripheral arterial disease. Aortic diseases are a group of conditions affecting the aorta. The exact cause of CVD isn't clear, but there are lots of things that can increase your risk of getting it. These are called "risk factors". Part of this check involves assessing your individual CVD risk and advising you how to reduce it if necessary.

High blood pressure hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. If your blood pressure is too high, it can damage your blood vessels. Read more about high blood pressure.

The harmful substances in tobacco can damage and narrow your blood vessels. Cholesterol is a fatty substance found in the blood. If you have high cholesterol, it can cause your blood vessels to narrow and increase your risk of developing a blood clot.

High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels, making them more likely to become narrowed. If you don't exercise regularly, it's more likely that you'll have high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and be overweight. All of these are risk factors for CVD. Exercising regularly will help keep your heart healthy.

When combined with a healthy diet, exercise can also help you maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or obese increases your risk of developing diabetes and high blood pressure, both of which are risk factors for CVD.

Tell your doctor or nurse if you have a family history of CVD. They may suggest checking your blood pressure and cholesterol level. This is because people from these backgrounds are more likely to have other risk factors for CVD, such as high blood pressure or type 2 diabetes.

If you already have CVD, staying as healthy as possible can reduce the chances of it getting worse. If you smoke, you should try to give up as soon as possible. Your GP can also provide you with advice and support.

They can also prescribe medication to help you quit. If you find it difficult to do this, start at a level you feel comfortable with and gradually increase the duration and intensity of your activity as your fitness improves. Visit your GP for a health check if you haven't exercised before or you're returning to exercise after a long break. Read advice about starting exercise.

If you're overweight or obese, a combination of regular exercise and a healthy diet can help you lose weight. Aim to get your BMI below If you're struggling to lose weight, your GP or practice nurse can help you come up with a weight loss plan and recommend services in your area. A unit of alcohol is roughly equivalent to half a pint of normal-strength lager or a single measure 25ml of spirits. A small glass of wine ml is about 1.

Your GP can give you help and advice if you're finding it difficult to cut down your drinking. Get some tips on cutting down. If you have a particularly high risk of developing CVD, your GP may recommend taking medication to reduce your risk. Page last reviewed: 17 September Next review due: 17 September Cardiovascular disease. Get the flu vaccine Flu can be very serious if you have CVD.

Ask for your free flu jab at: your GP surgery a local pharmacy that has a flu vaccine service Find out more about the flu vaccine. Information: Coronavirus advice Get advice about coronavirus and cardiovascular disease from the British Heart Foundation.

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The term heart disease refers to several types of heart conditions, including coronary artery disease and heart attack. This map shows death rates from heart disease in women in the United States. The darker red indicates a higher death rate. These symptoms may happen when you are resting or when you are doing regular daily activities. Women also may have other symptoms, including 5. High blood pressure, high LDL low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and smoking are key risk factors for heart disease.


Members with only hypertension (high blood pressure) or dyslipidemia (high cholesterol) were also evaluated as potentially “at risk” for disease. Heart disease and.


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Heart and blood vessel disease also called heart disease includes numerous problems, many of which are related to a process called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This buildup narrows the arteries, making it harder for blood to flow through. If a blood clot forms, it can block the blood flow.

Heart disease is the leading cause of the death in the United States. It is also a major cause of disability. There are many things that can raise your risk for heart disease. They are called risk factors. Some of them you cannot control, but there are many that you can control.

It occurs when the arteries supplying blood to the heart narrow or harden from the build-up of plaque. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol and other substances found in the blood. This plaque build-up is also known as atherosclerosis. The site of the plaque determines the type of heart disease:.

Heart attack

The cardiovascular, or circulatory, system supplies the body with blood. It consists of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries. To discover more evidence-based information and resources for healthy aging, visit our dedicated hub. CVD is now the most common cause of death worldwide. However, there are many ways to reduce the risk of developing these conditions.

This finely tuned system carries oxygen, nutrients, electrolytes, and hormones throughout your body. Interruptions, blockage, or diseases that affect how your heart or blood vessels pump blood can cause complications such as heart disease or stroke. These complications can arise due to a variety of factors, from genetics to lifestyle. Read on to learn more about the types circulatory system diseases and disorders and what their symptoms are. Blood pressure is the measurement of how much force is used to pump blood through your arteries. If you have high blood pressure, also called hypertension, it means the force is higher than it should be. High blood pressure can damage your heart and lead to heart disease, stroke, or kidney disease.

Back to Health A to Z. Cardiovascular disease CVD is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels.

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