File Name: concept of information and communication technology .zip
Information and communications technology ICT is an extensional term for information technology IT that stresses the role of unified communications  and the integration of telecommunications telephone lines and wireless signals and computers, as well as necessary enterprise software , middleware , storage and audiovisual, that enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.
Information literacy includes the ability to search, locate, evaluate, manage, use, present and communicate information and to engage in problem solving, self-directed learning, autonomous-targeted learning, and research skills and all are fundamental to education. Information and communications technology ICT is a means of searching, storing, archiving, processing and presenting information electronically through a number of media and technologies. The convergence of information systems and global communication infrastructures, for example the internet and wireless systems, have initiated this fusion of information and communication technologies. ICT is the use of computers in instruction and communication for the purposes of learning and teaching that takes place mainly through information networks with the help of communication technology. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
The widespread availability of information and communication technologies ICTs has generated new activity contexts that provide opportunities and resources for learning, at the same time as expanding the learning potential of traditional contexts such as the family and schools. Within this framework the present study analyses the frequency with which students of three ages 10, 13 and 16 years participate in ICT-mediated activities outside school, as well as the learning experiences associated with this participation. To this end, we used a multimethod approach combining administration of a questionnaire with focus groups and individual interviews. The analysis revealed low rates of participation in ICT-mediated activities outside school and showed that these activities were associated with limited learning experiences. Arnseth, H. Tracing learning and identiy across sites: tensions, connections and transformations in and between everyday and institucional practices.
Examples are: software applications and operating systems; web-based information and applications such as distance learning; telephones and other telecommunications products; video equipment and multimedia products that may be distributed on videotapes, CDs, DVDs, email, or the World Wide Web; office products such as photocopiers and fax machines; calculators; and computer hardware. Electronic textbooks, instructional software, email, chat, and distance learning programs are also examples of ICT. Assistive technology, as it relates to information and communication technology, includes special tools or software to help people use computers, software, the Internet, telephones, or other technology used in education. Examples are: special keyboards; software to magnify a computer screen or audibly read the text on a computer screen; text telephones TTYs to help people who are deaf communicate using the telephone. Information and communication technology may be inaccessible to people if it provides only one way to access the information.
Information and Communication Technology can simply be defined in its simplest form as an electronic medium for creating, storing, manipulating receiving and sending information from one place to another. It makes message delivery faster, more convenient, easy to access, understand and interpret. It uses gadgets such as cell phones, the Internet, wireless network, computer, radio, television, Satellites, base stations etc. These resources are used to create, store, communicate, transmit and manage information. Information and Communication Technology is a field that has a wide coverage. It extensively deals with communication technology and how it impacts on other fields of human endeavor. It is the fastest growing academic field of study and a viable source of livelihood.
The purpose of this research was to investigate the perceptions and challenges of English teachers to the implementation of Information and Communication Technology ICT in ELT classrooms. The objectives of this study were to find out their perception of ICT and the challenges they face when using it. This study used mixed methods, qualitative and quantitative in nature. Purposive sampling was used to select the subjects of this study who were 26 English teachers at senior state high schools in Banda Aceh.
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