water crisis in india and its solution pdf

Water crisis in india and its solution pdf

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Water scarcity in India

India’s water crisis: The clock is ticking

India’s Water Crisis – How to Solve it?

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Water scarcity in India

Water is the most valuable natural resource as it is essential for human survival and life on earth. However, the availability of freshwater for human consumption is highly under stress because of a variety of factors.

This crisis of water scarcity is most visible in India as well as in other developing countries. What is the status of water availability in India?

India receives bcm billion cubic metres rainfall each year. Even in that bcm of water, there is a lot of temporal as well as regional variations in the availability. For instance, on the one side, there are water surplus states such as Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and on the other side, there are water scarce states such as Maharashtra Vidarbha, Beed , Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat. What is the magnitude of the water crisis in India?

But monsoon is vulnerable to factors such as climate change, El-Nino , etc. Certain regions have surplus amounts of water for their need while others face perennial droughts for most of the year. For instance, Drought is a recurrent phenomenon in Andhra Pradesh where no district is entirely free of droughts.

Rajasthan is one of the most drought-prone areas of India. Population growth, industrialization, rapid urbanisation, rising needs of irrigation and increase in domestic water usage have accelerated the demand for water.

Water is being diverted from food crops to cash crops that consume an enormous quantity of water. Drinking water scarcity: Not only farmers are affected by the water crisis, urban dwellers in cities and towns across India are also facing a never seen before drinking water scarcity.

Conflicts over water : In India, there are conflicts between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu over sharing of Cauvery waters, between Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh over sharing of Narmada waters, between Andhra Pradesh and Telangana over sharing of Krishna waters, etc. Good water management practices :. There should be laws and contracts for sharing of aquifers. Coordinated efforts among states for management of groundwater at a localized level. Community-level management: At the village level, there can be decentralized management of water at the community level.

Charging money for efficient use of water like electricity. Incentive-based water conservation in rural parts of the water-stressed regions is another solution. India is not a water deficit country, but due to severe neglect and lack of monitoring of water resource development projects, many regions in the country face water stress from time to time. Therefore balancing water demand with available supply is the need of the hour for future economic growth and development as well as for the sustenance of human life.

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India’s water crisis: The clock is ticking

India is currently facing the biggest crisis in its history. In fact, it is considered the center of the global water and sanitation crisis. The problem is so big, our lives, livelihoods, and futures hang in the balance. The government is doing its best to mitigate this growing crisis. But is there an end in sight? You may not know it, or feel it yet, but every aspect of our society and economy is impacted by this worsening situation.

Water resources of a country constitute one of its vital assets. India receives an average of billion cubic meters of rainfall every year, confined to the monsoon season June through September. Apart from the water available in the various rivers of the country, groundwater forms an important source of water for drinking, irrigation, industrial and other uses. Groundwater is a vital resource, with a large fraction of the population relying on the resource directly or indirectly for livelihoods. This heavy reliance on groundwater for both domestic water and irrigation purposes is now approaching its limit as an increasing number of aquifers reach unsustainable levels after decades of exploitation.

India’s Water Crisis – How to Solve it?

We need to promote a decentralised approach, with a key focus on water conservation, source sustainability, storage and reuse wherever possible. The ministry has announced an ambitious plan to provide piped water connections to every household in India by The ministry has set a tough target at a time when hundreds of millions don't have access to clean water.

Innovative ways to solve India’s water crisis

It is a precious natural resource since it is essential for the survival of life on earth.

More from Kishor Sarmah

Water is the most valuable natural resource as it is essential for human survival and life on earth. However, the availability of freshwater for human consumption is highly under stress because of a variety of factors. This crisis of water scarcity is most visible in India as well as in other developing countries. What is the status of water availability in India? India receives bcm billion cubic metres rainfall each year.

Стратмор задумался. - Должно быть, где-то замыкание. Желтый сигнал тревоги вспыхнул над шифровалкой, и свет, пульсируя, прерывистыми пятнами упал налицо коммандера. - Может, отключить его самим? - предложила Сьюзан. Стратмор кивнул. Ему не нужно было напоминать, что произойдет, если три миллиона процессоров перегреются и воспламенятся. Коммандеру нужно было подняться к себе в кабинет и отключить ТРАНСТЕКСТ, пока никто за пределами шифровалки не заметил этой угрожающей ситуации и не отправил людей им на помощь.

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 Или мы придем к соглашению.

1 comments

  • Laurette T. 26.05.2021 at 10:55

    Water stress is a serious issue in many parts of the world.

    Reply

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