political corruption concepts and contexts pdf

Political corruption concepts and contexts pdf

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Grey corruption issues in the public sector

ציטוטים ביביליוגרפיים כפולים

Political Corruption: Concepts and Contexts

Arnold J. Heidenheimer , Michael Johnston Herausgeber. Details zum Adobe-DRM.

Political corruption or Malpolitics is the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain. Forms of corruption vary, but can include bribery , lobbying , extortion , cronyism , nepotism , parochialism , patronage , influence peddling , graft , and embezzlement. Corruption may facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking , money laundering , and human trafficking , though it is not restricted to these activities.

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Arnold J. Heidenheimer , Michael Johnston Herausgeber. Details zum Adobe-DRM. Mit dem amazon-Kindle ist es aber nicht kompatibel. Buying eBooks from abroad For tax law reasons we can sell eBooks just within Germany and Switzerland. Regrettably we cannot fulfill eBook-orders from other countries.

Common examples include favourable treatment of friends and relatives by public officials, receipt of gifts, excessive expenditures and pork barrelling, influence peddling through donations and lies and false promises. The focus of this study is on definitions, extent, public perspectives, explanations and evidence of promising prevention strategies. Relevant sources were sought using systematic keyword searches of major criminological and political databases, a media database and relevant government and non-government websites, up to the end of December The main findings were that there is no single accepted definition of grey corruption but that the concept remains useful, practice is often extensive, it is generally at odds with public opinion, opportunity is a key factor in its incidence and prevention requires the enactment and enforcement of clear principles. Efforts to improve integrity in government need to take account of the concept. Rules require clarification and communication.

Grey corruption issues in the public sector

Sociology of Development 1 December ; 5 4 : — Understanding the politics of caste, corruption, and wealth is essential for combating poverty in India. However, relatively few studies have systematically analyzed how these factors explain patterns of poverty combining state-level indicators with household and child-level outcomes. Focusing on child poverty as an outcome measure, this paper tests the explanatory potency of John Harriss's typology of state government political regimes, Transparency International India's measures of state corruption, and state-level wealth. Using data on , children from the third National Family Health Survey — and multilevel models, we find that Harriss's typology of state regimes better explains child poverty differences between states than Transparency International India's corruption index. States whose political regimes are historically dominated by upper-caste groups tend to have an adverse effect on poor children of lower castes, compared to states dominated by lower-caste groups. This adverse effect is amplified in wealthier states.

ציטוטים ביביליוגרפיים כפולים

Library Library Search. University of Sussex Reading Lists. Contact the Library for help and support. Heidenheimer, Arnold J. New Brunswick, N.

Fenomena korupsi di Indonesia saat ini seperti menjadi fenomena yang lazim atau biasa di masyarakat, maraknya pelanggaran penyelewengan kekuasaan dan hukum untuk menjalankan aktivitas korupsi menjadi sebuah realitas sosial di kehidupan masyarakat bangsa Indonesia. Selain itu masih banyak lagi aktivitas-aktivitas korupsi terjadi di Indonesia sebagai negara pemerintahan. Artikel ini menggunakan metode studi pustaka dan dengan pendekatan Kualitatif. Dengan kajian dan analisa fenomena tersebut secara teoritik khususnya dalam perspektif teori sosial Struktural Fungsional, teori Neo Fungsional, Teori Neo Marxian hingga dianalisa dengan perspektif teori kritis dengan mahzab Frankfurt School. APA Style Citatiton.

Corruption

Aspinall, E. Auyero, J.

Political Corruption: Concepts and Contexts

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Corruption is a form of dishonesty or criminal offense undertaken by a person or organization entrusted with a position of authority, to acquire illicit benefit or abuse power for one's private gain. Corruption may include many activities including bribery and embezzlement , though it may also involve practices that are legal in many countries. Corruption is most commonplace in kleptocracies , oligarchies , narco-states and mafia states. Corruption and crime are endemic sociological occurrences which appear with regular frequency in virtually all countries on a global scale in varying degree and proportion. Individual nations each allocate domestic resources for the control and regulation of corruption and crime. Strategies to counter corruption are often summarized under the umbrella term anti-corruption. Additionally, global initiative like the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 16 also has a target to substantially reduce corruption of all forms.

About Corruption

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1 comments

  • Corey W. 30.05.2021 at 17:04

    Corruption is a major problem worldwide.

    Reply

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