File Name: ethiopian mustard research and production in southeast us .zip
This kale variety originated in the East African plain, particularly Ethiopia, as early as B. It is valuable because it will set seed at warmer tropical temperatures than other Brassicas. In East and southern Africa, young leaves are eaten as a vegetable raw or cooked. However, older varieties and particularly wild plants, have high levels of two potentially toxic compounds - erucic acid and glucosinolates - in the oil.
New varieties have been bred to have little or no toxicity. Leftover seed cake after oil extraction can be fed to animals, but in limited amounts.
The leaves apparently do not have any toxicity. Leaves can be harvested from 35 days until 10 weeks, earlier being better for tenderness, re-growth and re-harvesting. Harvest the seed pods after 2 months when they begin to turn brown.
Complete drying of the pods on sheets spread in the shade but protected from birds. Threshing and winnowing should follow before storage. The seeds can be stored for several years in dry, dark conditions. In Kenya, seeds are mixed with ashes before planting to reduce seedling disease.
Pests include the diamondback moth and the Turnip Mosaic Virus which is transmitted by aphids. Varieties for oil production have a waxier leaf which seems to give some pest protection. Seed should be sown weeks before the rainy season starts rather than at the start of rains as pest damage may be lessened. Leaves should be harvested just before eating as a cooked or raw vegetable. Even the stems when cooked have a mild flavor like collards or cabbage.
Crushed seeds are eaten with meat. Ethiopian Kale is a nutritious vegetable, high in calcium and iron. Its leaves have less oxalic acid than spinach. Juice squeezed from the leaves is a good source of vegetable protein. Mnzava, N. ECHO exists to reduce hunger and improve lives through agricultural training and resources. Working through regional impact centers around the world ECHO connects small-scale farmers, and those working to eliminate world hunger, with essential resources, and each other.
These resources include a vast knowledgebase of practical information, experienced technical support and an extensive seed bank focused on highly beneficial underutilized plants. Contact Us Member Options. Search Resources. Toggle Navigation Resources:. English en Change Language. Download ethiopian-kale. Description This kale variety originated in the East African plain, particularly Ethiopia, as early as B.
In dry regions, the plant flowers earlier producing ripe seeds within 4 months of sowing. This kale will produce a crop in almost any soil except water-logged, or saline. Seed may be broadcast or planted cm in apart in rows cm in apart. Harvesting and Seed Production Leaves can be harvested from 35 days until 10 weeks, earlier being better for tenderness, re-growth and re-harvesting. Pests and Diseases In Kenya, seeds are mixed with ashes before planting to reduce seedling disease. Cooking and Nutrition Leaves should be harvested just before eating as a cooked or raw vegetable.
References Mnzava, N. Tags Leafy Vegetables Garden Vegetables. Permanent Links Permanent links. Conversations going on right now:. ECHOcommunity Conversations. Sign in. Keep Me Signed In. Forgot your password Register.
Commonly cultivated Brassicaceae mustards, namely garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata , white mustard Brassica alba , Ethiopian mustard B. Mustards were naturalized to Australia and New Zealand and Australia is currently the second largest exporter of Brassicaceae oilseeds to meet the global demand for a healthy plant-derived oil, high in polyunsaturated fats. Apart from providing edible oil, various parts of these plants and many of their phytochemicals have been used traditionally for both agronomic as well as medicinal purposes, with evidence of their use by early Australian and New Zealand settlers and also the indigenous population. This review provides an overview of the current knowledge of traditional and agronomic uses of Brassicaceae oilseeds and mustards with a focus on their importance in Australia and New Zealand. Brassicaceae comprise a diverse family of plants and provide one of the most extensive and varied range of end products used by man from a single plant genus.
Ethiopian Mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) as an. Alternative for double crop production in the southeastern USA . There are also.
Michael J. Brassica carinata, sometimes called Ethiopian mustard, Abyssinian mustard, or simply carinata, is an annual oilseed crop used for the commercial production of jet fuel. Carinata by-products include seed meal for animal feed Agrisoma , and residue may act as a bio-suppressant against nematodes Oka It is similar to canola in growth habit. It is grown during the winter in the southeastern United States and shows potential as an alternative winter crop for the region.
Risk assessments conducted by the PBRA Unit require biological information about the plant species being assessed. Therefore, these assessments can be done in conjunction with species-specific biology documents that provide the necessary biological information. This document is intended to provide background information on the biology of Brassica carinata , its identity, geographical distribution, reproductive biology, related species, the potential for gene introgression from B. Synonym for Brassica carinata is Brassica integrifolia H.
Notify me when new publications are added. In central North Carolina almost any type of vegetable or fruit can be grown successfully provided you choose appropriate varieties and plant at the right time. This publication covers climate, season and potential pests that all affect the selection of what and when to plant. Also included is a planting chart and calendar. In eastern North Carolina, almost any type of vegetable or fruit can be successfully grown provided you choose appropriate varieties and plant at the right time.
This kale variety originated in the East African plain, particularly Ethiopia, as early as B. It is valuable because it will set seed at warmer tropical temperatures than other Brassicas. In East and southern Africa, young leaves are eaten as a vegetable raw or cooked.
The large white butterfly, Pieris brassicae L. Farmers have few practical options other than to spray insecticides to protect their crop. In this study, an attempt was made during — and — crop seasons at Ludhiana, India, to evaluate Ethiopian mustard, Brassica carinata A. Braun as a trap crop to manage this pest as an alternate pest management strategy. Oviposition preference of adult butterflies was studied in a two-choice test in field cages, while the effect of two host plants on larval performance was studied under laboratory conditions under no choice conditions.
We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Abyssinian cabbage, Brassica carinata, is a tropical erect plant that grows around — cm tall. It is a popular leaf crop in Africa and its seeds are used as relief from stomach aches. The stem is waxy, the leaves are light green and stalked, and the flower is yellow. Edible portions are the leaves, young stems, immature flowering stems, and seeds.
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In vitro propagation of Ethiopian mustard Brassica carinata AReply