File Name: libya and the responsibility to protect the exception and the norm .zip
The principle of non-intervention is a key aspect of international law. This provision applies specifically to UN organs. Most countries are party to this treaty. Despite these latter provisions, the response of the international community to genocide and threats to peace has often been erratic and incomplete Evans, The experience of Kosovo was a turning point that resulted in extensive debate about international intervention.
Governance , Human Rights. A series of humanitarian tragedies in the s Somalia, —; Rwanda, ; Srebrenica, ; Kosovo, demonstrated the failure of the international community to protect civilians in the context of complex emergencies. These brought to life two norms of protection — Responsibility to Protect R2P and Protection of Civilians POC — both deeply rooted in the empathy that human beings have for the suffering of innocent people. Both norms raise concerns of misinterpretation and misuse. They are developing — sometimes in parallel, sometimes diverging and sometimes converging — with varying degrees of institutionalization and acceptance.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: The Responsibility to Protect RtoP played an important role in shaping the world's response to actual and threatened atrocities in Libya. View on Cambridge Press.
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The crisis in Libya erupted after the call for papers had closed and thus it was not the subject of any conference papers. Prior to the Resolution being passed, however, Libya and the Responsibility to Protect R2P did feature prominently in many of the panel discussions. Prior to 17 March, no-one, at least to my knowledge, predicted that the UN Security Council would sanction measures as robust as those contained in Resolution At the ISA convention there was a proliferation of papers, panels and roundtables discussing the significance of the intervention; the only thing academics seemed to agree on was that Resolution was a surprise.
This article begins by critically assessing some of the current measures used to evaluate the status and impact of the Responsibility to Protect RtoP. It then lays the groundwork for a deeper examination of RtoP's strength by specifying what kind of norm it is, and what it can reasonably be expected to do. The third section engages Zimmerman and Deitelhoff's framework on norm robustness and contestation by positing two arguments.
Given the reluctance of both the Security Council and the wider UN membership even to discuss RtoP in the years immediately following the World Summit—the High-level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the General Assembly that gave birth to RtoP—these two facts suggest that significant progress has been made thanks to the astute stewardship of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who is personally committed to the principle. Where it was once a term of art employed by a handful of likeminded countries, activists, and scholars, but regarded with suspicion by much of the rest of the world, RtoP has become a commonly accepted frame of reference for preventing and responding to mass atrocities. To read or purchase this text, click here. Category : Issue
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The Responsibility to Protect R2P or RtoP is a global political commitment which was endorsed by all member states of the United Nations at the World Summit in order to address its four key concerns to prevent genocide , war crimes , ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. The principle of the Responsibility to Protect is based upon the underlying premise that sovereignty entails a responsibility to protect all populations from mass atrocity crimes and human rights violations.
Not least, the adoption of Resolution by the UN Security Council on May 17, , approving a no-fly zone over Libya and calling for “all.Reply