the pied piper of hamelin questions and answers pdf

The pied piper of hamelin questions and answers pdf

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Robert Browning: Poems

The Pied Piper of Hamelin

The Pied Piper -Reference Material

What is the town of Hamelin famous for?

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To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Julian Scutts. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. Do we need rats to understand the Pied Piper? Hamelin revisited 60 V. Sources of and versions of the theme of the Pied Piper over the centuries 80 VI. In the course of time the figure of the Pied Piper has been identified with the devil and if not quite with Jesus Christ then at least with the ideal of a divinely appointed artist and saviour.

Scholars have not unanimously arrived at a full explanation of the legend's origins though there is strong evidence that the Koppen mentioned in early versions of the story referred to a rocky elevation within walking distance of the town of Hamelin. However, none of those who have interpreted the story can claim to have solved the riddle of its origins and it seems therefore that some interior dynamic inhering in the association of themes or ideas implicit in the early accounts of the story must have been at work.

The appearance of the Piper in Hamelin occurred at the beginning of summer according to the earliest accounts of the legend and for this reason I find it plausible to assume that the Piper, along with notable wanderers such as Oedipus, Ulysses and Samson, poses a solar hero in terms of Carl Jung's psychological theory of the unconscious.

Fischer Verlag, To redress this deficit I will attempt to set the poem within the context of the main body of Browning's poetry, which is generally treated as serious. Tynjanov in his essay entitled 3 "The Meaning of the Word in Verse" according to a translation into English. Furthermore, comparisons of poems by the same author may allow us to probe the deep undercurrents of the unconscious mind. I then look in closer detail at the origins of the Pied Piper legend before explaining what prompted my interest in the figure of the Pied Piper as a literary and historical phenomenon in the first place.

An inscription placed on a wooden beam on the western side of the Rattenfangerhaus in Hamelin runs: "Anno am Dage Johanni et Pauli, war der The quotation above represents the closest we can approach to the original kernel of the Pied Piper story. Allied to this question is another. What accounts for the appeal of the legend to poets, writers, songsters and film makers right up to the present time? The text was copied from words placed in a church window that has not survived.

The original story connects three contextual frames, which I label as the annual cycle, history and the domain of religion. We consider each of these in turn in the following order.

The Piper appears on a day in midsummer, five days after the summer solstice to be precise. His many-coloured clothing suggests the festive aspect of dances and the playing of music that characterize celebrations that begin in May and continue throughout the summer.

The account is a short chronicle of an event that took place on a certain day in a certain year. It is precise about the number of children who were led away and states the name of their last known destination.

The account includes a reference to a day in the church calendar, one commemorating the apostles Saint John and Saint Paul and refers to Calvary, thus awakening an association with the place of execution named in the New Testament. We may not be able to confirm what historical event took place on the date specified in this brief account but, by being so precise, it laid claim to historicity in a way that seems to have encouraged those who elaborated new version of the Pied Piper theme to assign a differing date to the events they depicted.

Robert Browning Poem set his poetic version of the narrative on 22nd July , which is the festival of Mary Magdalene in the Church calendar, in accord with the earliest account of the Pied Piper story in English written by Richard Verstegan in It is from this account that the name of the Pied Piper originated.

The reference to Calvary is baffling, the more so if one wishes to harmonize the Calvary of the New Testament with the sinister aspects of the Pied Piper story. He occupies the entire left side of the picture and in the original Latin sense of the word the Pied Piper cuts a truly sinister figure whose shoes uncannily resemble rats. As a small figure to the right he sits in a boat to ensure that no rats can escape their fate.

Again the Piper appears in the distance as he leads the children of Hamelin toward a cavernous opening near the summit of Mount Calvary, where we also see a place of torture and execution with its gallows and breaking wheel.

In the middle section the picture we see three stags grazing under some trees. Competent scholars agree that Count Nikolaus von Spiegelberg induced young people from Hamelin to leave their hometown and in one way or another ensured that they would never return.

No matter which theory one believes to be true, one can best explain the expansion and thematic variation of legend by assuming that both an awareness of contemporary historical trends and an intuitive sense of the underlying psychological or mythical import of the story have combined to spur the creation of fresh narratives.

Some theorists have conjectured that the theme of rats entered the story in the wake of the bubonic plague or the sporadic outbreaks of the disease that singled out children as those who lacked immunity. The element of wage bargaining could also reflect the break-up of feudalism which the Black Death precipitated. We are in that area where history and myth and I do not use this term in any disparaging sense converge, in which we encounter the mysterious figures of King Arthur, Robin Hood and William Tell.

Only individual verbal clues, she argued, pointed to underlying very serious matters. Milton Millhauser noted its concern with the plight of the creative artist, whether musician or 8 poet, in contention with the environment of an unsympathetic bourgeois society. In ''Browning's 'Pied Piper of Hamelin': Two Levels of Meaning," Wolfgang Franke noted that the poem implied a concern with certain issues that were in the air in early Victorian England, the urgent need to protect authors by a copyright law, a feeling of restlessness that encouraged a trend in favour of mass emigration and a growing awareness of the seamy vermin-ridden side of industrial Britain.

We have noted that the original story of the Pied Piper implied a connection between early summer with dancing rituals and religious themes.

The noted Italian theorist Iakov Levi in the field of psychology goes further to suggest that the three notes the Piper blew before leading away his 10 followers poses an allusion to the Trinity. I nomi vengono dati ai luoghi a secondo del legame associativo, conscio o inconscio, che questi risvegliano.

Rattristato per per la mia grave lacuna culturale, mi rallegro nel sapere che qualcun'altro, in particolare un valido poeta come Browning, sia arrivato alle mie stesse conclusioni prima di me, pur senza conoscere la metodologia associativa scoperta dalla psicoanalisi.

Caliban, like his namesake in The Tempest, is a primitive humanoid who views the Universe in a grossly materialistic and self-centred perspective and who creates for himself a ruling deity in his own image.

It seems that the collective unconscious remains a constant throughout, and there is more than one pathway to reconnect to what all of us already know at a subconscious level, without knowing that we know. A recent musical entitled Rats takes this parallel a stage further by casting the Rat King as a rival of the virtuous Piper and as the monarch of Rat Land, who rubs shoulders all too readily with the 11 corrupt mayor of Hamelin.

Here I add a personal note. My interest in the Pied Piper was prompted by the work of a poet whose retrospective and nostalgic fascination with childhood stands in stark contrast to any belief in progress. Both Koppelberg Hill and Fern Hill evoke the motif of death and darkness, either as the mouth of the cave through which none returns or the haunting location linked to the tale of a hangman who took his life.

Rossiter has claimed that the legend of the Pied Piper provides the covert allegorical foundation of Richard III, a postulation which, if true, would go far to explain the powers of seduction by which Richard won the hand if not the heart of Queen Anne, the widow of the man he had murdered.

Jung the libidinal quest for union with the anima harbours a distressing ambiguity for the eternal feminine has both a maternal and conjugal aspect with all the tragic consequences that this combination brought to Oedipus. Jung added that only the sublimation achieved through art and the cultivation of the highest aspirations of the mind could thwart the iron logic leading to the guilt of incest. The ability of the legend to blend history and mythology may ultimately lie 12 A.

Eugene M. Wraith New York: Prentice Hall, , Its antiquity explains another of its unique features — its centrality with regard to the world of the Bible and that of ancient Greece and Rome.

Of course, the mythology on which the story of Gilgamesh is based does not accord with the monotheism of the Bible. Even in Genesis, however, the supreme God manifests a certain measure of plurality as indicated by the plural form Elohim. According to the Rabbis the seventy translators of the Bible who produced the so- called Septuagint agreed that in Greek the word rendering the plural form should be in the singular to forestall any tendency to associate the God of the Hebrews with polytheistic notions current in the Greek world.

In one regard, at least, the central issues thrown up by the epic transcend the divide between the monotheism of the Bible and the polytheism of Greece. Gilgamesh, whose father is Shamesh the sun-god, has a dual nature with both divine and human characteristics.

He cannot therefore be satisfied with material concerns and values but restlessly seeks the eternal and an assurance of personal immortality. This, in terms of the narrative, he almost secures by plucking a sacred herb from the ocean bed but a serpent steals it from him when he is off his guard.

One notes a parallel between the account of this incident and the role of the serpent in the biblical story of Eden. This insight is corroborated by Robert Graves in the following passage It may be assumed that the central story of Heracles was an early variant of the Babylonian Gilgamesh epic — which reached Greece by way of Phoenicia. Gilgamesh has Enkidu for a beloved comrade, Heracles has Iolaus.

Gilgamesh is undone by his love for the goddess Ishtar, Heracles by his love for Deianeira. Both are of divine parentage. Both harrow Hell. Both kill lions and overcome divine bulls, and when sailing to the Western Isle Heracles, like Gilgamesh, uses his garment for a sail. Heracles finds the magic herb of immortality, as Gilgamesh does, and is similarly connected with the progress of the sun around the Zodiac.

Samson and Heracles present particularly clear cases of the solar hero. However, Jung sees this figure in the many great wanderers that populate the ancient epics of Greece and Rome. The wanderer typically encounters grave menaces and challenges involving the slaying of some hideous monster or the thwarting of the seductive designs of a beautiful female, who is sometimes a goddess or a witch.

In the Epic of Gilgamesh the seductress is the goddess Ishtar, whose sexual advances find a parallel in those of Venus when she has designs on the chastity of Adonis. In the classic tradition as in The Epic of Gilgamesh the realm of night is also the underworld of departed souls.

Many of the figures known to us in Greek mythology such as Charon, the ferryman plying his boat between the realms of the living and the dead, find precedents in the Gilgamesh epic.

In this he perceives the souls of the departed as birdlike beings feeding on dust in a place of remorseless gloom. In the Hebrew Bible descriptions of the underworld are absent, not being compatible with a scriptural reluctance to divert attention from the practical this-worldly concerns and demands of religious practice. However, at least in allegoric terms the wanderings of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai involve a passage through the domain of death.

The role of Ishtar in this role has already been noted. The same confusion gives rise to a fear of committing incest, a danger that Oedipus did not avoid. His fate, though the result of his ignorance, imposes on him an incurable sense of guilt.

Samson, whose very name points to his close association with the sun, ultimately suffers being blinded, the fate meted to Oedipus. As solar heroes they are deprived of light, the symbol of their motive force, the sun.

However, Delilah night , his femme fatale, personifies a tainted relationship between a man and a woman, tainted, that is, according to the prevailing set of mores that informs the narrative, for she is seen as a temptress, a hostile alien, the quintessential antithesis of a righteous Jewish woman as indicated by the derogatory word shiksa.

In a similar framework solar wanderers encounter a series of aberrant, disreputable or hopelessly incompatible women. The descent of Aeneas into descent into the underworld imparts vatic powers to foresee the coming greatness of the Roman Empire. Dante's The Divine Comedy poses a case of introversion, in particular the introversion of the Homeric epic and The Aeneid.

Robert Browning: Poems

The Pide Piper Richard Verstegan. The Pyed Piper Nathaniel Wanley. Link to The Ratcatcher. The Magic Fife Germany. The Ratcatcher of Korneuburg Austria. The Pied Piper of Newtown England. The Rats in Neustadt-Eberswalde J.

Index Newest Popular Best. Sign Up: Free! Log In. I didn't see a quiz on this poem so I decided to create one. See how much you know in this quiz.

The questions posted on the site are solely user generated, Doubtnut has no ownership or control over the nature and content of those questions. Doubtnut is not responsible for any discrepancies concerning the duplicity of content over those questions. Study Materials. Crash Course. Question : Character sketch of mayor in Pied Piper of hamelin. Related Answer. In piper roots arise form.

page 2. The Pied Piper of Hamelin – Activity Book Answer Key. Level 4. Page 2 – Activity 1. 1 happy. 2 rats. 3 mayor. 4 yellow. 5 into. Page 3 – Activity 2.

The Pied Piper of Hamelin

The following entry presents criticism on Browning's poem The Pied Piper of Hamelin through A perennial favorite in the English-speaking world, Browning composed The Pied Piper of Hamelin as a gift for the son of his friend and benefactor William Macready—the poem was published later in the author's Dramatic Lyrics Reputedly based on a retelling of a medieval legend in Nathaniel Wanley's Wonders of the Little World , the poem tells a story of civic venality and retribution surrounding a piper hired by the citizens of Hamelin to rid the town of rats.

The Pied Piper -Reference Material

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Julian Scutts.

The speaker introduces the lovely river town of Hamelin in Brunswick and tells of its serious vermin problem years before. Rats had overrun the city, to the point that the public demanded of the Mayor and "our Corporation" that the rats be destroyed or else the people would remove them from power. The Mayor and Corporation have a stressful meeting, but can discover no viable option until "the strangest figure" arrives. He is extremely gangly, garbed in bizarrely colored clothing, and old-fashioned.

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  • Frederic L. 31.05.2021 at 00:38

    Class 9th Solutions.

  • Lucila Z. 02.06.2021 at 23:49

    plagued by rats when a stranger, the Pied Piper, comes to town and offers The Pied Piper of Hamelin is a legend from the town of Hamelin Pupils read the question, then write T (true) or F. (false) in the box. Answer Key. In the back of the.

  • Ebemahflout 04.06.2021 at 00:04

    Question 1.

  • Mohammad P. 05.06.2021 at 02:53

    Directions: For the following questions, choose the best answer or respond in complete sentences. 1. What problem is the town of Hamelin facing in the beginning.

  • Amy A. 09.06.2021 at 20:36

    Robert Browning is a well known English poet. He has written a large number of poems. All of his poems are in the form of drama. They narrate.


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