the social psychology of morality exploring the causes of good and evil pdf

The social psychology of morality exploring the causes of good and evil pdf

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Mind Perception Is the Essence of Morality

Introduction

Human evil: The myth of pure evil and the true causes of violence

Book Chapters

Humans are universally concerned with good and evil, although one person's "evil" can be another person's "good. This compelling work brings together an array of distinguished scholars to explore key concepts, theories, and findings pertaining to some of the most fundamental issues in social life: the conditions under which people are kind and helpful to others or, conversely, under which they commit harmful, even murderous, acts. They justify these uses of simulation in science and philosophy, both in general and in their specific applications here.

Mind Perception Is the Essence of Morality

Download as PDF. To equip students to understand and use scientific research relevant to ethical issues; and to investigate ethical questions in the light of recent discoveries about humans and other animals.

This is an indicative module outline only to give an indication of the sort of topics that may be covered. Actual sessions held may differ. Brownell, Celia A. Cameron, C. Daryl, Kristen A. Lindquist, and Kurt Gray. Curry, O. Mullins, and H. Testing the Theory of Morality-as-Cooperation in 60 Societies. Decety, Jean, and Stephanie Cacioppo. Doris, John M.

Enoch, David. Feinberg, Matthew, and Robb Willer. Gardiner, Stephen M. Oxford University Press. Wojcik, and Peter H. Academic Press. Greene, Joshua D. Haidt, Jonathan. Hamlin, J Kiley. Hamlin, J. Kiley, Karen Wynn, and Paul Bloom. London: Routledge. Markowitz, Ezra M. McGrath, Sarah. Oxford University Press: 87— Nichols, Shaun. Olson, Kristina R. Pyszczynski, Tom. Singer, Peter. Zhong, Chen-Bo, and Katie Liljenquist. Feedback on essays will be provided on the coversheet for the essay, addressing standard areas of evaluation and individual content.

Feedback on Assessed Exercises will be given through peer review and seminar activities, typically including discusion of drafts; written feedback on Assessed Exercises will not normally be provided. Skip to main content Skip to navigation Throughout the academic year, we will be adapting the way we teach and assess your modules in line with government guidance on social distancing and other protective measures in response to Coronavirus. Teaching will vary between online and on-campus delivery through the year, and you should read guidance from the academic department for details of how this will work for a particular module.

Introductory description PH Moral Psychology: The Science of Good and Evil Module aims To equip students to understand and use scientific research relevant to ethical issues; and to investigate ethical questions in the light of recent discoveries about humans and other animals. Costs No further costs have been identified for this module. You do not need to pass all assessment components to pass the module. Students can register for this module without taking any assessment.

Introduction

Mind perception entails ascribing mental capacities to other entities, whereas moral judgment entails labeling entities as good or bad or actions as right or wrong. We suggest that mind perception is the essence of moral judgment. In particular, we suggest that moral judgment is rooted in a cognitive template of two perceived minds—a moral dyad of an intentional agent and a suffering moral patient. Diverse lines of research support dyadic morality. First, perceptions of mind are linked to moral judgments: dimensions of mind perception agency and experience map onto moral types agents and patients , and deficits of mind perception correspond to difficulties with moral judgment. Second, not only are moral judgments sensitive to perceived agency and experience, but all moral transgressions are fundamentally understood as agency plus experienced suffering—that is, interpersonal harm—even ostensibly harmless acts such as purity violations.

Moral character evaluation: Testing another's moral-cognitive machinery. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 87, Does changing defaults save lives? Effects of presumed consent organ donation policies. Behavioral Science and Policy, 5, Civic honesty around the globe.

Human evil: The myth of pure evil and the true causes of violence

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the social psychology of good and evil pdf

According to some, contemporary social psychology is aptly described as a study in moral hypocrisy.

Book Chapters

Moral foundations theory is a social psychological theory intended to explain the origins of and variation in human moral reasoning on the basis of innate, modular foundations. Although the initial development of moral foundations theory focused on cultural differences, subsequent work with the theory has largely focused on political ideology. Various scholars have offered moral foundations theory as an explanation of differences among political progressives liberals in the American sense , conservatives , and libertarians , [7] and have suggested that it can explain variation in opinion on politically charged issues such as same sex marriage and abortion. In the second they describe and defend their method, known as the Moral Foundations Questionnaire. Through studies that jointly consisted of over 11, people, from a variety of ages and political beliefs, they found results that supported their prediction. Moral foundations theory was first proposed in by Haidt and Joseph. Kohlberg's work emphasized justice as the key concept in moral reasoning, seen as a primarily cognitive activity, and became the dominant approach to moral psychology, heavily influencing subsequent work.

Both robots and humans can behave in ways that engender positive and negative evaluations of their behaviors and associated responsibility. However, extant scholarship on the link between agent evaluations and valenced behavior has generally treated moral behavior as a monolithic phenomenon and largely focused on moral deviations. In contrast, contemporary moral psychology increasingly considers moral judgments to unfold in relation to a number of moral foundations care, fairness, authority, loyalty, purity, liberty subject to both upholding and deviation.

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