File Name: difference between power and authority in political science .zip
Politics refers to the distribution and exercise of power within a society, and polity refers to the political institution through which power is distributed and exercised. In any society, decisions must be made regarding the allocation of resources and other matters. Except perhaps in the simplest societies, specific people and often specific organizations make these decisions.
Power and authority are perhaps the most vital aspects of all organisations in general and political organisations in particular. Power is related to taking of decisions and for the implementation of those decisions. No organisation, whatever may its nature be, can do its duty or achieve objectives without power. Robert Dahl in many of his works has defined power and analysed its various aspects.
Power is referred to as the capacity of an individual to influence the will or conduct of others. As against, authority is termed as the right possessed by a person to give the command to others. While the former is exercised in a personal capacity, the latter is used in a professional capacity. Basis for Comparison Power Authority Meaning Power means the ability or potential of an individual to influence others and control their actions. The legal and formal right to give orders and commands, and take decisions is known as an Authority. What is it? It is a personal trait.
The focal point of the study of political institutions is power and its uses. Although we think of the concept of power as being associated particularly with politics or so as to say political science, but it is, in fact, exists in all types of social relationships. They go right down into the depths of society…. All social actions involve power relationships whether it may be between employer and employee or between husband and wife in patriarchal society. Thus, it is of fundamental importance for the sociology to study in its manifold ramifications. Sociologists are concerned with social interactions among individuals and groups and more specifically, how individuals and groups achieve their ends as against those of others.
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politics – not just in government, perhaps even more importantly difference between power and authority. ▻ Power Dahl carried out famous studies on local.
Authority , the exercise of legitimate influence by one social actor over another. There are many ways in which an individual or entity can influence another to behave differently, and not all of them have equal claim to authority. A classic hypothetical example serves to differentiate the term authority from other forms of influence: One person wielding a club forces another person to hand over money and possessions. This act might be considered coercive—the exercise of brute power, which in many instances would be criminal. If, however, the person with the club is employed in a position that involves repossessing goods—thus, a person occupying a legitimate role in a society—and menaces the other person in the process of doing so, the act of influence may well be legitimate and constitute the exercise of authority.
In the fields of sociology and political science , authority is the legitimate power that a person or a group of persons consensually possess and practice over other people. In the exercise of governance , the terms authority and power are inaccurate synonyms. Ancient understandings of authority trace back to Rome and draw later from Catholic Thomistic thought and other traditional understandings. In more modern terms, forms of authority include transitional authority exhibited in for example Cambodia ,  public authority in the form of popular power , and, in more administrative terms, bureaucratic or managerial techniques.
Courtesy U. Despite the differences between government systems in the Middle East and the United States, their governments play the same fundamental role: in some fashion, they exert control over the people they govern. The nature of that control—what we will define as power and authority—is an important feature of society.
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