File Name: value in ethics and economics .zip
This book integrates the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant—particularly the concepts of autonomy, dignity, and character—into economic theory, enriching models of individual choice and policymaking, while contributing to our understanding of how the economic individual fits into society. Ivan Boldyrev: "This remarkable book provides a new ethical perspective for economics based on Kantian ethics of autonomy and dignity. White's emphasis on the irreducibility of moral principles is absolutely relevant for current economics and political debates. Principled action, it was agreed, could not be integrated into formal decision theory and economics. Mark White's wonderful and important book shows this to be a fundamental error. White's Kantian ethics opens a much richer, and far more adequate, normative analysis to economics, freeing economics from an impoverished view of humans and ethics. White holds out to us the promise of an economics as a science of human dignity and autonomy.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Individuals derive utility from their access to resources provided by the biosphere, through the satisfaction of a number of needs and necessities. These needs, however, cannot often be met simultaneously since they compete with each other. This conflict is not just relevant at an individual or even intragenerational level.
The presentation will provide food for thought on the relationships between value-based discussions and economic evaluations of healthcare provision for marginalized migrant groups along two different lines of thought. First, while economic analyses are often interpreted as objective and neutral pieces of evidence, it can be argued that every economic model and analysis has its starting point in specific ethical values that are set as basic assumptions. This, in turn, has inevitable impacts on possible results and conclusions. The presentation will use examples to illustrate the value-based foundations of economic analyses in migrant healthcare; and it will propose options for the more explicit reflection of value-based assumptions in economic evaluations. Secondly, the presentation will reflect on existing research on the rationales shaping political decision-making processes in the field of migrant healthcare. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.
Elizabeth Anderson offers a new theory of value and rationality that rejects cost—benefit analysis in our social lives and in our ethical theories. This account of the plurality of values thus offers a new approach, beyond welfare economics and traditional theories of justice, for assessing the ethical limitations of the market. In this light, Anderson discusses several contemporary controversies involving the proper scope of the market, including commercial surrogate motherhood, privatization of public services, and the application of cost—benefit analysis to issues of environmental protection. Value in Ethics and Economics Elizabeth Anderson. Buy Elsewhere Bookshop. Healthy Buildings coauthor Joseph Allen spoke with Bloomberg Opinion about the costs of remote work—and the playbook that can help businesses reopen safely.
Elizabeth Anderson offers a new theory of value and rationality that rejects cost-benefit analysis in our social lives and in our ethical theories.
The importance of ethics and fundamental value judgments in environmental economics is high-lighted by discussing the controversial concept of existence values. The social value depends crucially on the social objective, which is not necessarily self-evident, e. It is shown that the motives behind willingness to pay figures matter for the social value, and the conventional view that people respond to CV questions solely in order to maximize their own utility or well-being is questioned. The importance of being explicit about value judgments is emphasized, and it is argued that environmental economics should consider non-conventional assumptions which take the social context into account to a larger degree. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
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Economic ethics combines economics and ethics , uniting value judgements from both disciplines in order to predict, analyse and model economic phenomena. It encompasses the theoretical ethical prerequisites and foundations of economic systems. The school of thought dates back to the Greek philosopher Aristotle , whose Nicomachean Ethics describes the connection between objective economic principle and the consideration of justice. Ancient Indian economic thought centred on the relationship between the concepts of happiness, ethics and economic values, with the connections between them constituting their description of human existence. The author, Kautilya, posits that building infrastructure is a key determinant of economic growth when constructed in an ethical environment, which is the responsibility of the king. Ancient Greek philosophers often combined economic teachings with ethical systems.