File Name: social welfare and social legislation in india .zip
Social Justice Department working with the concept of welfare state is underpinning socio-economic development plans of Kerala Government. Social security to elderly is not charity but their basic human right. Significantly contribute to workplace, families and community.
Child protection is the safeguarding of children from violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect. Article 19 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child provides for the protection of children in and out of the home. One of the ways to ensure this is by giving them quality education , the fourth of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals , in addition to other child protection systems. Child protection systems are a set of usually government-run services designed to protect children and young people who are underage and to encourage family stability. These systems are part of social protection , and extend beyond it.
The developments and changes in the social life have led to change in the social needs. Therefore, problems and their solutions also change. The industrial revolution which realized in the eighteenth century had some important impacts not only on the economic life but also on social structure. It was aimed to solve social problems and ensure prosperity through social policies, which is a multidisciplinary field, and consequently, the concept of welfare state emerged. The states, which had liberal concerns and traditional protection functions and reached a powerful position with their internationalist approaches, underwent a transformation period because of the economic and social developments which took place in the last quarter of the twentieth century. It has been subject of criticism that states increased the social expenses to satisfy the social needs and therefore caused an economic crisis in this period when the effects of globalization were discussed.
Welfare is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs such as food and shelter. More broadly, welfare may also encompass efforts to provide a basic level of well-being through free or subsidized social services such as healthcare , education , vocational training and public housing. The first welfare state was Imperial Germany — , where the Bismarck government introduced social security in In the Roman Empire , the first emperor Augustus provided the Cura Annonae or grain dole for citizens who could not afford to buy food every month. Social welfare was enlarged by the Emperor Trajan.
Principle of democracy as governance is for the people by the people and of the people. People are not the recipient of state framed policies and programs. Citizens are not only consumers, choosers or users, but active participants for making and shaping the policies. Changes in every social component leads to change in various aspects, right from the social institutions, customs, ideologies, human behavior and human interactions. Law is meant for nonprofessionals. To take care of interests, social security, social solidarity are the main aim of law. According to this school, essential characteristic of law should be to represent common interaction of men in social group.
India's post independence social legislation and as to whether it satisfies the principles laid SOCIAL WELFARE LEG/SLATION IN INDIA s labour had to eke.
Article on. Administrative Law:. Administrative discretion in simple words is to know through law what is just and it helps in determining whether an action is necessary or not regarding the certain events and happenings in the modern world scenario. Officials have authority to act coupled with certain restrictions and accountability.
Social Security for employees is a concept which over time has gained importance in the industrialized countries. Broadly, it can be defined as measures providing protection to working class against contingencies like retirement, resignation, retrenchment, maternity, old age, unemployment, death, disablement and other similar conditions. With reference to India, the Constitution levies responsibility on the State to provide social security to citizens of the country. The State, here, discharges duty as an agent of the society in order to help those who are in adverse situations or otherwise needs protection owing to above mentioned contingencies. Article 41, 42 and 43 of the Constitution do talk about the same. Also, the Concurrent List of the Constitution of India mentions issues like-.
Laws that seek to promote the common good, generally by protecting and assisting the weaker members of society, are considered to be social legislation. Such legislation includes laws assisting the unemployed, the infirm, the disabled, and the elderly. The social welfare system consists of hundreds of state and federal programs of two general types. Some programs, including Social Security, Medicare, unemployment insurance, and Workers' Compensation, are called social insurance programs because they are designed to protect citizens against hardship due to old age, unemployment, or injury. Because people receiving benefits from these programs generally have contributed toward their benefits by paying payroll taxes during the years that they worked, these social insurance programs are usually thought of as earned rewards for work. Programs of a second type, often cumulatively called the Welfare System, provide government assistance to those already poor.
It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint. Explanation II.