File Name: speeches writings and statements of iqbal .zip
Sir Muhammad Iqbal November 9, - April 21, , also known as Allama Iqbal, was an Indian philosopher, poet and politician who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement.
I have no doubt that in this great assembly there are men whose political experience is far more extensive than mine, and for whose knowledge of affairs I have the highest respect. It will, therefore, be presumptuous on my part to claim to guide an assembly of such men in the political decisions which they are called upon to make today. I lead no party; I follow no leader. I have given the best part of my life to a careful study of Islam, its law and polity, its culture, its history and its literature. This constant contact with the spirit of Islam, as it unfolds itself in time, has, I think, given me a kind of insight into its significance as a world fact. It is in the light of this insight, whatever its value, that, while assuming that the Muslims of India are determined to remain true to the spirit of Islam, I propose not to guide you in your decisions, but to attempt the humbler task of bringing clearly to your consciousness the main principle which, in my opinion, should determine the general character of these decisions. It has furnished those basic emotions and loyalties which gradually unify scattered individuals and groups, and finally transform them into a well-defined people, possessing a moral consciousness of their own.
Speech on allama iqbal in english pdf Speech on allama iqbal in english pdf. Free download or read online famous Urdu book "Asrar-e-Khudi" and read the wonderful poetry of Dr. Allama Mohammad Iqbal. Allama Iqbal was born on 19th November at Sialkot, in His parents Noor Muhammad and Imam Bibi were pious and religious persons.
Muslims of India experienced the expression of sword in the War of independence which failed to accomplish their goal and reviving the glorious Muslim rule. On the contrary the services rendered through pen cultivated thoughts in the masses, facilitated them in releasing their strength to over come weaknesses and motivated them cherished their dreams. Allama Iqbal stood distinguished in this regard. He experienced intellectual growth and conveyed and nurtured his thoughts to the Muslims of India to understand and strife for their separate identity. The philosophical thoughts enunciated by Iqbal were not a spontaneous outcome. Various developments in his life enabled him to evolve and unfold his ideas about Islamic universalism and Muslim nationalism. In the initial years these thoughts underwent through changes and were articulated through his poetry.
Speeches, Writings and Statements of Iqbal is by far one of the most important collections of 'Allamah Iqbal's prose writings. Its first edition appeared, in
Although he established a law practice after returning, he concentrated primarily on writing scholarly works on politics, economics, history, philosophy, and religion. He is best known for his poetic works, including Asrar-e-Khudi —which brought a knighthood — Rumuz-e-Bekhudi , and the Bang-e-Dara. Iqbal was a strong proponent of the political and spiritual revival of Islamic civilisation across the world, but in particular in South Asia; a series of lectures he delivered to this effect were published as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. A leader in the All India Muslim League , he envisioned—in his presidential address—a separate political framework for Muslims in British-ruled India. Iqbal's grandfather was an eighth cousin of Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru , an important lawyer and freedom fighter who would eventually become an admirer of Iqbal.
Today, we face many problems at the planetary, national, local, and personal level. What is interesting and important is the fact that the environmental crisis that we have been facing since the s is seen by many environmentalists as a crisis of Western civilization, a slow collective suicide, and "the defining challenge of our age. Moreover, environmental, social, and economic threats are aimed at everyone without discrimination, be they Christian, Jew, Muslim, or Buddhist. Therefore, the very nature of the environmental crisis and challenge requires a cooperative, global response. In this context, this study suggests that Eastern societies may re-discover the richness of their own traditions in the light of pressing environmental problems and offer new insights to respond to these problems.
The primary aim of the Reconstruction is to rejuvenate Muslim thought in the modern context. To this end, it enters into a critical engagement with the intellectual, religious, spiritual, and scientific thought of the Muslim and Western traditions, inquiring into the prospects of bringing into harmony, from an Islamic standpoint and in an Islamic setting, tradition and modernity, religion and science. The legacy of the Reconstruction is its invitation to Muslims to reassess the entire Islamic tradition, being fully cognizant of modern developments in thought without breaking with their own past.
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal. Contacto: mohomed. In , Muhammad Iqbal devised for the first time the creation of a separate state for the Indian Muslims, for whom, according to him, the main formative force through History had been Islam. Although predicated upon secular ideologies, the Pakistan movement was able to mobilize the masses only by appealing to Islam. Nationalism became dependent on Islam and, as a result, politicized the faith.
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Muhammad Iqbal , in full Sir Muhammad Iqbal , also spelled Muhammad Ikbal , born November 9, , Sialkot , Punjab, India [now in Pakistan]—died April 21, , Lahore, Punjab , poet and philosopher known for his influential efforts to direct his fellow Muslims in British-administered India toward the establishment of a separate Muslim state, an aspiration that was eventually realized in the country of Pakistan.