File Name: banking law and practice in india book .zip
Whenever BB wants to reduce credit, the bank rate is raised and whenever the volume of bank credit is to be expanded the bank rate is lowered. This is because by change in the bank rate. BB seeks to influence the cost of bank credit. The efficacy of bank rate policy depends, to a greater extent, on its power to influence the market rates.
There is no organized money market in our country and thereby the market rates seldom respond to bank rate changes. The absence of any kind of conventional relationship between the central bank and other components of the money market further adds to the ineffectiveness of the bank rate policy. Demated securities Demate means Conversion of physical securities into electronic form-the move from physical certificates to electronic book keeping. Actual stock certificates are slowly being removed and retired from circulation in exchange for electronic recording.
With the age of computers and the Depository Trust Company, securities no longer need to be in certificate form. They can be registered and transferred electronically. Riskweighted assets Risk-weighted asset is a bank's assets weighted according to credit risk. Since different types of assets have different risk profiles, weighing assets based on the level of risk associated with them primarily adjusts for assets that are less risky by allowing banks to "discount" lower-risk assets.
This sort of asset calculation is used in determining the capital requirement or Capital Adequacy Ratio CAR for a financial institution, and is regulated by the Local Central Banks or other National financial regulators. The specifics of CAR calculation vary from country to country, but general approaches tend to be similar for countries that apply the Basel Accords.
Treasury bill Treasury Bills issued by the government as an important tool of raising public finance and up to , were of three types, although all of them were day bills. Among these three types, bulk was represented by ad-hoc treasury bills issued to meet the cash balance need of the government. A second type was the 3-months treasury bills on tap introduced in August and their purpose was to mop up the excess liquidity of banks. The third type was the 3-months treasury bills introduced for subscription exclusively by the non-bank financial institutions, non-financial enterprises and the public.
Initially, a limit of Tk million was set for the issue of such treasury bills. Despite the withdrawal of the limit, the holdings of non-banking sectors remained small and commercial banks comprised the main market for the treasury bills. These bills continued to be reissued in every ninety days.
In December , however, treasury bills on tap and the treasury bills for non- banks were abolished. The holdings of treasury bills by the deposit money banks generally did not exceed the amount needed to meet the liquidity requirement. A substantial part of the treasury bills issued, therefore, needed to be held by Bangladesh Bank.
That the Bangladesh Bank bills were allowed as approved securities for the statutory liquidity requirement of the banks and these bills were of yields higher than the treasury bill rate, might have induced the banks to reduce their holdings of treasury bills. This trend continued up to February In March , the auctioning of Bangladesh Bank bills was suspended and only the day treasury bills were sold through auction.
Up to 25 October , the treasury bills of ninety days maturity were sold at pre-determined rate, usually fixed time to time by the government. Thereafter, these were sold through auction at market determined rate of interest. Subsequently, on 7 February , the government introduced days and days treasury bills and on 16 March , 1-year treasury bills for auction. Up to August , four categories of treasury bills viz, day, day, day and 1-year bills were sold regularly through weekly auction basis.
From 6 September , these were replaced by newly introduced days, days, days, days, 2-years and 5-years treasury bills. The mutual fund will have a fund manager that trades buys and sells the fund's investments in accordance with the fund's investment objective. It is registered in Securities and Exchange Commission.
Mutual funds raise money by selling shares of the fund to the public, much like any other type of company can sell stock in itself to the public. Mutual funds then take the money they receive from the sale of their shares along with any money made from previous investments and use it to purchase various investment vehicles, such as stocks, bonds and money market instruments. In return for the money they give to the fund when purchasing shares, shareholders receive an equity position in the fund and, in effect, in each of its underlying securities.
For most mutual funds, shareholders are free to sell their shares at any time, although the price of a share in a mutual fund will fluctuate daily, depending upon the performance of the securities held by the fund.
Benefits of mutual funds include diversification and professional money management. Mutual funds offer choice, liquidity, and convenience, but charge fees and often require a minimum investment. This is passive instruments having two forms namely open end mutual fund and close end mutual fund.
Closed End Mutual Fund: The scheme size is fixed so that the asset manager who manage mutual fund scheme could not issue new instruments in the form of bonus or right. Open End Mutual Fund: The scheme size is not fixed so that the asset manager could extend scheme size by issuing new instruments in the form of bonus or right.
Credit card A credit card is a small plastic card measuring about 85 mm by 54 mm bearing the name, date, computer number and specimen signature of the holder and the validity with raised letters to facilitate machine readability issued to users as a system of payment.
It allows its holder to buy goods and services based on the holder's promise to pay for these goods and services. The issuer of the card creates a revolving account and grants a line of credit to the consumer or the user from which the user can borrow money for payment to a merchant or as a cash advance to the user. Usage of the term "credit card" to imply a credit card account is a metonym. As per instruction given in the application form or lateron in writing, the credit card issuing authority will dispatch the periodic bill to the card holder and realize the bill amount from his account as instructed earlier.
In other way, the card holder may pay the periodic bill in cash or by cheque within specific period. If not paid within the grace free specific period, profit or interest or service charge on the bill amount will be charged before full payment of the bill amount. Floating charge A floating charge is a security interest over a fund of changing assets of a company or a limited liability partnership LLP , which 'floats' or 'hovers' until conversion into a fixed charge, at which point the charge attaches to specific assets.
Floating charges can only be granted by companies. If an individual person or a partnership was to purport to grant a floating charge, it would be void as a general assignment in bankruptcy. Floating charges take effect in equity only. The floating charge has been described as "one of equity's most brilliant creations. Reputational Risk 2. Legal Risk 4. Concentration Risk 2. Describe the duties and responsibilities of a paying banker Responsibility of Paying Banker Cheques drawn on Branch : The paying banker shall honour only those cheques which are drawn against the account maintained at a branch of the bank where the cheques are presented.
Presentation within validity needed : The paying banker is legally bound to pay only such cheques which are presented to him for payment within a reasonable time.
Reasonable time is 6 months from the date of issue of the cheque. Presentation within banking hours: Cheque must be presented within the banking hours.
Any cheque presented after thebanking hours has no legal effect and therefore banker cannot be held liable for refusing payment on such cheques. For dishonour of cheque due to shortage of funds banks are not held responsible. Rather, if cheques are drawn without funds, drawers by punishable under Section Must be valid instrument : Cheques not drawn in the proper form are refused by the paying banker.
Act provide that the bank should examine the contents of the cheque to ensure taht it is perfectly a valid instrument containing an unconditional order to pay a certain sum of money. Under what circumstances a banker loss its protection under the Negotiable instrument Act, ? Enquiry about the constituent must also be made. The importance of introductory reference and enquiry are as follows: 1. If there is any lapse in this regard Bank may suffer loss subsequently.
A bank can disclose information regarding customer's account to a person s under the following circumstances. The customer is kept informed about the disclosure of the information. Disclosure under banking practices: In order to ascertain financial position and credit worthiness of the person banks obtain information from other banks with which they are maintaining accounts.
It is an established practice among bankers and implied consent of the customer is presumed to exist. The opinion is given in strictest confidence and without responsibility on the part of the bank furnishing such information. Credit information is furnished in coded terms to other banks on IBA format and without signatures.
What do you mean by Relationship Banking? Relationship Banking is a strategy used by banks to enhance their profitability. They accomplish this by cross-selling financial products and services to strengthen their relationships with customers and increase customer loyalty. Relationship banking involves offering customers a broad array of financial products and services that go beyond simple checking and savings accounts.
In addition to these two basic products, relationship-banking products may include certificates of deposit, safe deposit boxes, insurance, investments, credit cards, loans and business services e. They may also include specialized financial products designed for specific demographics, such as students, seniors or the wealthy.
Merits and Demerits of Relationship Banking Relationship banking can add value through its contractual features that, though mostly implicit, facilitate long-term relations Ferri, Kang and Kim, ; Hoshi and Patrick, However, relationship banking is not without potential perils, which must be minimized by sound business judgment and discipline Ferri, Kang and Kim, ; Hoshi and Patrick, That is, given the good chance of loan renegotiations with their banks, firms with a relationship bank may have weaker ex ante incentives to boost their effort Bolton and Scharfstein, Define Negotiable instrument according to the Negotiable instrument Act, What are the instruments that fall under the purview of this Act?
Michie on Banks and Banking is an encyclopedic treatise based on exhaustive and continuous study of the case law involving the organization, functions, rights, powers, duties, and liabilities of banks and other financial institutions. Free Book Law And Practice Of Banking Banker And Customer V 1 Uploaded By Mickey Spillane, law and practice of banking banker and customer v 1 dec 14 posted by rytar shiba library text id f51fe2ed online pdf ebook epub library posted by ian fleming library text id c51c online pdf ebook epub library rights. List of ebooks and manuels about Banking theory law and practice by santhanam. Every man should have some unique decorative accessories, watch is a very wise choice. You Are Visitor No: List of ebooks and manuels about Banking theory law and practice ebook by santhanam. Banking and Financial Systems. There are various risks like Credit Risk, market risk, operational risk, business risk etc.
The financial conditions and the economy in the present moment are far better than any country in the world. Be it credit, market or liquidity risk studies and surveys, they all suggest Indian banks have withstood the global downturn efficiently and can recover quickly from difficult conditions. India is said to be one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Also, RBI has allowed more features such as unlimited fund transfers between wallets and bank accounts, these wallets are expected to become really strong players in the financial ecosystem.
The book, " Banking Law and Practice " provides a comprehensive coverage of concepts and explanations related to banking practices and procedures. It covers all the relevant and essential contents the students must go through to appear for paper "Banking Law and Practice" based on curriculum of all universities. The book is current with the developments in the banking industry as on June and with updated data so that students can read the updated changes. Every lesson comes with a summary and practice questions which are useful for the student when revising lesson.
Bank regulation is a form of government regulation which subjects banks to certain requirements, restrictions and guidelines, designed to create market transparency between banking institutions and the individuals and corporations with whom they conduct business, among other things. As regulation focusing on key factors in the financial markets, it forms one of the three components of financial law , the other two being case law and self-regulating market practices. Given the interconnectedness of the banking industry and the reliance that the national and global economy hold on banks, it is important for regulatory agencies to maintain control over the standardized practices of these institutions.
The book, " Banking Law and Practice " provides a comprehensive coverage of concepts and explanations related to banking practices and procedures. It covers all the relevant and essential contents the students must go through to appear for paper "Banking Law and Practice" based on curriculum of all universities. The book is current with the developments in the banking industry as on June and with updated data so that students can read the updated changes. Every lesson comes with a summary and practice questions which are useful for the student when revising lesson. The book is structured in small modules so that students can chew and digest while they take small bites of learning.
Explore a preview version of Banking Law and Practice right now. A solid understanding of how banks operate is crucial to grasp the functioning of modern society. Banks are an intrinsic part of business, finance, and everyday life. Modern banking is regulated by a sophisticated set of laws and regulations that are constantly evolving. Banking Law and Practice from the Hong Kong Institute of Bankers outlines and explains these laws and regulations clearly and in detail. This regulatory framework has a deep impact on banks, bankers, and anyone that deals with them, which is the overwhelming majority of society.