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The collection was written between and in three parts, and first published in Leipzig by Insel Verlag in April With its dreamy, melodic expression and neo-Romantic mood, it stands, along with The Lay of the Love and Death of Christoph Cornet , as the most important of his early works. The work, dedicated to Lou Andreas-Salome , is his first through-composed cycle, which established his reputation as a religious poet, culminating in the poet's Duino Elegies. The suggestive musicality of his verses developed into the hallmark of his later lyric poetry, to mixed criticism.
The Book of Hours consists of three sections with common themes relating to St. Francis and the Christian search for God. One of Rilke's translators, Edward Snow, said the work "is one of the strongest inaugural works in all of modern poetry. It arrives as if out of nowhere and seems to want to wipe the slate clean. The middle part of the cycle was written after his marriage to Clara Westhoff but before the birth of his daughter from 18 to 25 September in Westerwede. The last book was composed from 13 to 20 April in Viareggio, Italy.
Two years later, now in Worpswede , he revised the text, which was then published in December - his first collaboration with Insel-Verlag.
This introductory book would continue to be published throughout his lifetime, requiring four editions for a total of approximately 60, copies. Rilke's journeys to Russia in the summer of and form the biographical background to the work.
He undertook these with the dedicatee Lou Andreas-Salome , and began work on the cycle after their conclusion. The vastness of Russia, the fervent devotion of its peasantry to their Orthodox religion, and its culture, little touched by Western civilization - all formed a backdrop that, deepened by personal encounters with Leonid Pasternak and the renowned Leo Tolstoy , became Rilke's spiritual home.
In this dark remoteness would Rilke continue to "build" on this ancient and eternal God: . On the Volga, on this restfully rolling ocean One discovers: land is huge, water is something huge, and above all the sky is huge. What I have seen until now was no more than an image of land and river and world.
Here, however, everything is itself. According to Wolfgang Braungart the sentimental journeys brought Rilke closer to the supposed social success of primordial pre-moderns. He found a "human fraternal compatibility" in a rural-centred world. In this way was the religion of the country conveyed to him, expressed via the prototypical Russian icon or iconostasis. Rilke shared the cultural practice of idealising Russia with intellectuals such as Thomas Mann and Oswald Spengler.
These conservatives were influenced by the fading myth created by Friedrich Nietzsche , the literary testimony of which was to be found in Dostoevsky. Rilke himself claimed poetic inspiration for the origin of the verses, something which was to characterise his work later. Waking in the morning, or in the evening, he had received words like divinations he needed only to transcribe afterwards. The collective title comes from the book of hours , a type of illuminated breviary popular in France in the later Middle Ages.
They contained prayers for different times of the day and were designed to structure the day through regular devotion to God. The work is influenced by Friedrich Nietzsche and contemporaneous philosophical ideas and shows Rilke's search for a meaningful basis for living, which he identifies as a pantheistic God. Rilke transcribes an unfinished dialogue between self and God that renders attempts to define God impossible; not only has the lyrical self been dissociated, but also the "interlocutor" in different forms is invoked, sometimes appearing as the "darkest" as sometimes as "the prince of the Land of Light.
In addition to the self-searching and self-discovery, the God-dialog also reveals problems of linguistic expression. Admittedly one does not find in his Book of Hours any fundamental skepticism about language, such as Hugo von Hofmannsthal articulated in his Chandos letter.
But rather, Rilke demonstrates the problem of capturing the nature of the self and of God linguistically. Before him, people build pictures " For critic Meinhard Prill, Rilke's is a "becoming God", one that although conceivable as the source of meaning and purpose in the world remains ultimately ineffable. The provisional nature of religious poetic speech corresponds to the form of the collection, with its loosely arranged poems, the scope of which are very different.
Rilke played with a wide variety of verse forms and used numerous virtuoso lyrical means at his disposal: enjambment and internal rhyme, suggestive imagery, forced rhyme and rhythm, alliteration and assonance. Other distinctive characteristics include the popular, often polysyndetic conjunction "and" as well as frequent nominalization, which is sometimes regarded as mannerist.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the liturgical books, see Book of hours. The Book of Hours. Das Stunden-Buch. In Metzger, Erika A. Retrieved Works by Rainer Maria Rilke. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikisource.
Das Stunden-Buch at German Wikisource. The Book of Hours at Wikisource. Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Book of Hours. German Wikisource has original text related to this article: Das Stunden-Buch.
Babette Deutsch translator , from the Introduction. In The Book of Hours, Rilke, not quite ready to speak purely as himself, uses a persona; he is a monk, a meditator, a solitary seeking God. But though there are echoes in the poems of Russian iconic mysticism and the severe sweetness of Giotto frescoes, this monk is not praying in a church; no institution or congregation supports him in his solitude, and his search is not for certainty. His elusive God is not imprisoned, like a fugitive in sanctuary, by beliefs or by cathedral walls. Rather the wall that separates the worshipper from his diety is built of images of the deity, and the souls illumination is squandered on their frames.
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The Book of Hours. Ich werde den letzten vielleicht nicht File Size: 71KB. Rainer maria rilke, the book of hours, 20th century stock image. Book of hours page stock image. Rilke s book of hours, love poems to god joanna macy amazon.
The collection was written between and in three parts, and first published in Leipzig by Insel Verlag in April With its dreamy, melodic expression and neo-Romantic mood, it stands, along with The Lay of the Love and Death of Christoph Cornet , as the most important of his early works. The work, dedicated to Lou Andreas-Salome , is his first through-composed cycle, which established his reputation as a religious poet, culminating in the poet's Duino Elegies.
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Views 1 Downloads 0 File size KB. Introduction 2 Vespers for Sundays and Feasts. He "received" a series of poems about which he did not speak for a long time - he considered them sacred, and different from anything else he ever had done and ever would do again. This poet saw the coming darkness of the century, and saw the struggle we would have in our relationship to the divine. About Author: Rainer Maria Rilke is considered one of the German language's greatest 20th century poets.
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Inspired, Rilke returned to Germany and put down on paper what he felt were spontaneously received prayers. She has been… More about Anita Barrows. With their psalm-like directness and emotional urgencyk, they nourish and quicken the life of the spirit. Find books coming soon in Sign in.
In The Book of Hours, Rilke withdraws from the world not from weariness but weighed down under the manifold conflicting visions. As the prophet who would.Reply
Cambridge Core - Literary Texts - Rainer Maria Rilke's The Book of Hours. Rainer Maria Rilke. Translated by Susan Ranson Access. PDF; Export citation.Reply
Poems from the Book of Hours. by Rainer Maria Rilke. Translated by Babette Deutsch. From the Preface, by Ursula Le Guin. §. Now the hour bows down,.Reply